Ferryville Ordinance Chapter 5
STREETS AND SIDEWALKS
STREETS AND SIDEWALKS
5.01 Street and Sidewalk Grades
5.02 Sidewalk Construction and Repair
5.04 Street and Sidewalk Excavations and Openings
5.05 Obstructions and Encroachments
5.06 Snow and Ice Removal
5.07 Tree Trimming and Sanitation
5.08 Sign Boards in Village
5.09 Standard for Construction of Village Streets
5.10 Road Work
5.01 STREET AND SIDEWALK GRADES
(1) Establishment. The grade of all streets, alleys and sidewalks shall be established by
resolution by the Village Board and the same recorded by the Village Clerk in his/her
office. No street, alley or sidewalk shall be worked until the grade thereof is established.
(2) Alteration of Grade Prohibited. No person shall alter the grade of any street, alley,
sidewalk or public ground or any part thereof in the Village of Ferryville by any means
whatsoever unless authorized or instructed to do so by the Village Board. All such
alterations of grade shall be recorded in the office of the Village Clerk by the Clerk or the
officer authorizing the alteration.
(3) Penalty. The penalty for violation of any provision of this section shall be a penalty
as provided in s. 13.04 of this code.
5.02 SIDEWALK CONSTRUCTION AND REPAIR
(1) Owner to Construct. It shall be the duty of the abutting owner to build, repair,
construct and perpetually maintain sidewalks along or upon any street, alley or highway in
the Village of Ferryville and to pay one-half of the entire cost thereof. Whenever the
Village Board shall by resolution determine that a sidewalk be laid, rebuilt, repaired,
lowered or raised along or upon any public street, alley or highway within the Village of
Ferryville, it shall proceed according to s. 66.615 of the Wisconsin Statutes.
(2) Permit Required. No person shall hereafter lay, remove, replace or repair any public
sidewalk within the Village of Ferryville unless he/she is under contract with the Village to
do such work or has obtained a permit therefore from the Village Board at least 7 days
before work is proposed to be under taken. No fee shall be charged for such permits.
(3) Specifications. All sidewalks within the Village of Ferryville hereafter shall be
repaired, rebuilt and constructed in accordance with the following specifications:
(a) Sub grade. The sub grade shall be prepared by excavating to the line, grade and cross
section as established by the Village Board. Soft and unsuitable material shall be
removed and replaced with sand or other satisfactory material, and the sub grade shall be
thoroughly and uniformly compacted and moistened immediately before the concrete is
placed. When so specified by the Village Board a sub-base of sand, sand and gravel or
other approved porous material shall be placed under the sidewalk. On embankments the
sub grade shall extend at least one foot beyond each edge of the sidewalk.
(b) Material. All sidewalks shall be of air entrained concrete composed of 6 bags per
cubic yard of one course construction, and built to the established line and grade. Gravel
shall be of good quality and washed. Concrete shall be mixed thoroughly after all
materials have been placed in the mixer.
(c) Forms. Concrete shall be placed in straight forms of wood or metal of sufficient
strength to resist springing, tipping or other displacement during the process of
depositing and consolidating the concrete. Wood forms shall be surface plank of at least
2 inches of thickness except for sharply curved sections. Metal forms shall be of approved
section. The forms shall be of full depth of the required walk and shall be of such design
as to permit secure fastening. Forms shall be thoroughly cleaned and oiled before the
concrete is placed against them. Concrete shall be placed in the forms on a moist sub
grade, deposited just above the finished grade and consolidated and spaded sufficiently
to bring the mortar to the surface and to prevent honeycombing. It shall then be struck
off level with the top of the forms and finished with wooden flats.
To provide adequate drainage the sidewalk shall slope toward the curb at a minimum
rate of 1/4 inch per foot or width or sidewalk. All joints and edges shall be finished with a
1/4 inch radius edging tool.
(d) Width and Thickness. Residential walks shall be 5 feet in width and not less than 4
inches thick except within driveway approaches where the minimum thickness shall be 6
inches: provided that walks in residential areas may be repaired or replaced to a width
not less than the existing width on the effective date of this section. Sidewalks in front of
commercial or industrial establishments shall be not less than 8 feet in width and 5
inches in thickness except within driveway approaches where the minimum thickness shall
be 7 inches.
(e) Finishing. Before the last finish has set, the sidewalk shall be steel troweled and
brushed in transverse direction. Before final finishing, the surface shall be checked with a
10 foot straight edge and any areas departing more than 1/8 inch form the testing edge
shall be corrected by adding or removing concrete while the concrete in the walk is still
(f) Jointing. Transverse, full depth, ½ inch thick expansion joints of premolded expansion
material shall be located every 40 feet and at the property line, and where the walk
intersects another walk, curb line, building or driveway approach, and at buildings, walls,
poles and stop boxes. The expansion joint material shall be placed in a neat and
workmanlike manner with its upper edge slightly below the finished sidewalk surface.
Dummy groove joints for controlled cracking, at least one inch in thickness and 5/16 inch
in depth, shall be placed at intervals of approximately 5 feet. Steel division plates shall
be placed at right angles to the center line of the sidewalk as intervals at not less than
15 feet. All joints shall be at right angles to the direction and grade of the walk. Diagonal
joints may be used only when approved by the Director of Public Works.
(g) Curing and Drying. As soon as any of the concrete work hereinbefore mentioned has
been finished and hardened sufficiently to prevent excessive marring of the surface, it
shall be cured and protected against rapid drying. Failure to comply with this requirement
shall be deemed sufficient cause for suspension of the work. Curing shall be accomplished
by the "Impervious Coating", "Wet Fabric: or "Paper" methods. For impervious coating or
membrane curing, only those materials meeting requirements of ASTM specs, C156-44 T,
"Method of Test for Efficiency of Materials for Curing Concrete" shall be used. Said
specifications are hereby adopted by reference as if fully set forth herein. Walks shall be
kept free from all traffic at normal temperatures for 48 hours and in cold weather (below
50 degrees F.) for 96 hours.
(4) Penalty. The penalty for violation of any provision of this section shall be a penalty
as provided in s. 13.04 of this code.
(1) Approval Required. No person shall construct or maintain any driveway across any
sidewalk or curbing or right-a-way without first obtaining a driveway permit from the
Village Clerk and Director of Public Works, or Wisconsin DOT (Main Street) or Crawford
County Highway Commissioner (Highway C).
(2) Specifications for Driveway Construction.
(a) Width. No Driveway shall exceed 24 feet in width at the outer or street edge unless
special permission is obtained from the Village Board.
(b) Interference with Intersections Prohibited. At street intersections a driveway shall not
provide direct ingress or egress to or from the street intersection area and shall not
occupy areas of the roadway deemed necessary by the Village Board for effective traffic
control or for highway signs or signals.
(c) Interference with street. No driveway apron shall extend out into the street further
than the face of the curb, and under no circumstances shall such driveway apron extend
into the gutter area. All driveway entrances and approaches shall be so constructed that
they shall not interfere with the drainage of streets, side ditches or roadside areas or
with any existing structure on the right of way. When required by the driveway permit to
provide for adequate surface water drainage along the street, the property owner shall
provide any necessary culvert pipe at his/her own expense.
(d) Number of Approaches limited. No more than one driveway entrance and approach
shall be constructed for any lot or premises except where deemed necessary and feasible
without undue impairment of safety, convenience and utility of the street by the Village
Board. Any 2 approaches shall be at least 10 feet apart.
(e) Workmanship and Materials. All driveway entrances and approaches which are
constructed across sidewalk shall be paved in accordance with the requirements for
sidewalk construction in s. 5.02 (3) of this code insofar as such requirements are
applicable, including thickness requirements in s. 5.02 (3) (d).
(f) Permittee Liable for Damage or Injury. The pemittee shall assume all responsibility
for any injury or damage to persons or property resulting directly or indirectly during
construction or repair of driveway approaches or entrances. When curb or gutter is
removed, the new connection shall be of equivalent acceptance material and curb returns
provided or restored in a neat, workmanlike manner. Driveway surfaces shall connect with
the street pavement and sidewalk is a neat, workmanlike manner. Any sidewalk areas
which are damaged or are inadequate by reason of vehicle travel across the sidewalk shall
be replaced in accordance with the requirements of s. 5.02 (3).
(3) Penalty. The penalty for violation of any provision of this section shall be a penalty
as provided in s. 13.04 of this code.
5.04 STREET AND SIDEWALK EXCAVATIONS AND OPENINGS.
(1) Permit Required. No person shall make or cause to be made any excavation or
opening in any street, alley, highway, sidewalk or other public way within the Village of
Ferryville without first obtaining a permit therefore from the Village Clerk and Director of
(2) Fee. The fee for a street opening permit shall be $2.00 and shall be paid to the
Village Treasurer who shall issue his/her receipt therefore.
(3) Bond. Before a permit for excavating or opening any street or public way may be
issued, the applicant must execute and deposit with the Village Treasurer an indemnity
bond, approved by the Village President, in the sum of $5,000 conditioned that he/she
will indemnify and save harmless the Village of Ferryville and its officers from all liability
for accidents and damage caused by any of the work covered by his/her permit, and that
he/she will fill up and place in good and safe condition all excavations and opening made
in the street, and will replace and restore the pavement over any opening he/she may
make as near as can be to the state and condition in which he/she found it, and keep and
maintain the same in such condition, normal wear and tear excepted, to the satisfaction
of the Village Board for a period of one year, and that he/she will pay all fines imposed
upon him/her for any violation of any rule regulation or ordinance governing street
openings or drain laying adopted by the Village Board, and will repair any damage done to
existing improvements during the progress of the excavation in accordance with the
ordinances, rules and regulations of the Village. Such bond shall also guarantee that if
the Village shall elect to make the street repair, person opening the street will pay all
costs of making such repair and of maintain the same for one year.
Recovery on such bond for any accident, injury, violation of law, ordinance, rule or
regulation shall not exhaust the bond but it shall cover any and all accidents, injuries or
violations during the period of excavation for which it is given.
An annual bond may be given under this section covering all excavation work done by the
principal for one year beginning January 1, which shall be conditioned as specified above
and in the amount determined by the Village Board as necessary to adequately protect
the public and the Village.
(4) Insurance. Prior to commencement of excavation work a permittee must furnish the
Village Board satisfactory written evidence that he/she has in force and will maintain
during the life of the permit and the period of excavation, public liability insurance of not
less than $100,000 for one person, $300,000 for one accident and property damage
insurance of not less than $50,000.
(5) Regulations Governing Street and Sidewalk Openings.
(a) Frozen Ground. No opening in the streets or sidewalks for any purpose shall be
permitted when the ground is frozen, except where necessary as determined by the
Village Clerk and Director of Public Works.
(b) Removal of Paving. In opening any street or other public way, all paving or ballasting
materials shall be removed with the least possible loss of or injury to surfacing material
and together with the excavated material from trenches shall be placed so as to cause
the least practicable inconvenience to the public and permit free flow of water along
(c) Protection of Public. Every person shall enclose with sufficient barriers each opening
which he/she may make in the streets or public ways of the Village. All machinery and
equipment shall be locked or otherwise effectively safeguarded from unauthorized, use
when not being used by the permittee, his/her agents or employees. Red lights or torch
lamps shall be kept burning from sunset to sunrise, one red light or torch lamp to be
place at each end of the opening in the street or way and other lights sufficient in number
and properly space to give adequate warning. Except by special permission from the
Director of Public Works no trench shall be excavated more than 250 feet in advance of
pipe laying nor left unfilled more than 500 feet where pipe has been laid. All necessary
precautions shall be taken to guard the public effectually from accidents or damage to
persons or property through the period of the work. Each person making much opening
shall be held liable for all damages, including costs incurred by the Village in defending
any actions brought against it for damages, as well as cost of any appeal, that may result
from the neglect by such person or his/her employees of any necessary precaution against
injury or damage to persons, vehicles or property of any kind.
(d) Replacing Street Surface. In opening any street or sidewalk, the paving materials,
sand gravel and earth or other material moved or penetrated and all surface monuments
or hubs must be removed and replaced as nearly as possible in their original condition or
position and the same relation to the remainder as before. Any excavated material which
in the opinion of the Village Board is not suitable for refilling shall be replaced with
approved backfill material. All rubbish shall be immediately removed, leaving the street or
sidewalk in perfect repair, the same to be so maintained for a period of one year. In
refilling the opening, the earth must be puddle or laid in layers not more that 6 inches in
depth and each layer rammed, tampered or flushed to prevent after-settling. When the
sides of the trench will not stand perpendicular, sheathing and braces must be used to
prevent caving. No timber, bracing, lagging, sheathing or other lumber shall be left in any
trench. The Village may elect to have the Village make the pavement repair for any street
or sidewalk opening, in which case the cost of making such repair and of maintaining it for
one year shall be charged to the person making the street opening.
(6) Excavation in New Streets Limited. Whenever the Village Board determines to provide
for the permanent improvement or repaving of any street such determination shall be
made not less than 30 day before the work of improvements or repaving shall begin.
Immediately after such determination by the Village Board, the Village Board shall notify
in writing each person, utility, Village department or other agency owning or controlling
any sewer, water main, conduit or other utility in or under said street or any real property
abutting said street, that all such excavation work is such street must be completed
within 30 day. After such permanent improvements or repaving, no permit shall be issued
to open, cut or excavate said street for a period of 5 years after the date of
improvements or repaving unless in the opinion of the Village Board an emergency exists
which makes it absolutely essential that the permit be issued.
(7) Emergency Excavations Authorized. In the event of an emergency any person owning
or controlling any sewer, water main, conduit or utility in or under any street and his/her
agents or employees may take immediate proper emergency measures to remedy
dangerous conditions for the protection of property, life, health or safety without
obtaining an excavation permit, provided that such person shall apply for an excavation
permit not later than the end of the next succeeding business day and shall not make any
permanent repairs without first obtaining an excavation permit hereunder.
(8) Village Work Excluded. The provisions of this section shall not apply to excavation
work under the direction of the Village Board by Village employee or contractor performing
work under contract with the Village necessitating openings or excavations in Village
(9) Penalty. The penalty for violation of any provision of this section shall be a penalty
as provided in s. 13.04 of this code.
5.05 OBSTRUCTIONS AND ENCROACHEMNTS
(1) Obstructions and Encroachments Prohibited. No person shall encroach upon or in any
way obstruct or encumber any street, alley, sidewalk, public grounds or land dedicated to
public use. Or any part thereof, or permit such encroachment or encumbrance to be place
or remain on any public way adjoining the premises of which he/she is the owner or
occupant, except as provided in sub. (2).
(2) Exceptions. The prohibition of sub. (1) shall not apply to the following:
(a) Signs or clocks attached to buildings which project not more than 6 feet from the face
of such building and which do not extend below any point 10 feet above the sidewalk,
street or alley.
(b) Awnings hereinafter installed or repaired which do not extend below any point 7 feet
above the sidewalk, street or alley.
(c) Public utility encroachments duly authorized by state law or the Village Board.
(d) Goods, wares, merchandise or fixtures being loaded or unloaded which do not extend
more than 3 feet on the sidewalk, provided such goods, wares, etc., do not remain
thereon for a period of more than 2 hours.
(e) Temporary encroachments or obstructions authorized by permit under sub. (3).
(f) Excavations and openings permitted under s. 5.04.
(3) STREET PRIVILEGE PERMIT
(a) When Required. Permits for the use of the streets, alleys, sidewalks or other public
ways or places of the Village may be granted to applicants by the Village Clerk and the
Director of Public Works for the purpose of moving any building or structure or of
encumbering the street, alley, sidewalk or way with materials necessary in and about the
construction or demolition of any building or structure, provided such applicant has
complied with the other requirements of this subsection and has obtained a permit.
(b) Bond. No street privilege permit shall be issued until the applicant shall execute and
file with the Village Clerk a bond in an amount determined by the Director of Public
Works, conditioned that the applicant will indemnify and save harmless the Village Of
Ferryville from all liability for accidents or damage caused by reason of operations under
said permit and will remove such encumbrance upon termination of the operations and
will leave the vacated premises in a clean and sanitary condition and repair any and all
damage to the streets, alleys, sidewalks and public property of the Village resulting from
such building or moving operation.
(c) Fee. The fee for a street privilege permit shall be $10.
(d) Conditions of Occupancy. The permission to occupy or obstruct the streets, alleys,
sidewalks or public grounds is intended only for use in connection with the actual
erection, alteration, repair, removal or moving of buildings or structures and shall be
given upon the following terms and conditions and subject to revocation without notice by
the Village Board for violation thereof:
(1) Such temporary obstruction shall cover not more that 1/3 of any street or alley.
(2) Obstructions shall be sufficiently lighted at night so as to be in full view of the public
from all directions.
(3) Sidewalk traffic shall not be interrupted, but temporary sidewalks of not less than 4
feet in width guarded by a closed fence at least 4 feet high on both sides may be
maintained during the period of occupancy.
(4) The process of moving any building or structure shall be as continuous as practicable
until completed, and if ordered by the Director of Public Works, shall continue during all
hours of the day and night.
(5) No building or structure shall be allowed to remain overnight on any street crossing or
intersection or so near thereto as to prevent easy access to any fire hydrant.
(6) Buildings shall be moved only in accordance with the route prescribed by the Village
(7) Upon termination of the work necessitating such obstruction, all parts of the streets,
alley, sidewalks or public grounds occupied under the permit shall be vacated, cleaned of
all rubbish and obstructions and placed in a safe condition for public travel at expense of
(e) Termination. All street privilege permits shall automatically terminate at the end of 3
months from the date of issuances unless an earlier termination date is specified thereon
at the direction of the Village Board.
(4) Removal of by Village. In addition to any other penalty imposed, if the owner or
occupant of the premises adjoining any unlawfully obstructed sidewalk shall refuse or
neglect to remove such obstruction within 24 hours after notice from the Director of Public
Works to do so, it shall be the duty of the Village Board to remove such obstruction and
make return of the cost and expense thereof to the Village Clerk who shall enter such
cost on the next annual tax roll as a special charge against the property abutting such
obstructed sidewalk, and such sum shall be levied and collected as other special taxes
against real estate.
(5) Penalty. The penalty for violation of any of the provisions of this section shall be a
penalty as provided in s. 13.04 of this code.
5.06 SNOW AND ICE REMOVAL - SIDEWALKS
(1) The owner, occupant or person in charge, of a property abutting a street shall clean
the sidewalk abutting such lot of snow or ice to the full width of such sidewalk within 24
hours after the cessation of snowfall, and shall cause the same to be kept free from snow
or ice; provided, that when ice has so formed on any sidewalk that it cannot be removed,
said owner, occupant or person in charge shall keep the same sprinkled with sand, salt or
a non slip substance.
(2) Noncompliance - Village Action. In cases where any sidewalk remains covered in any
part with snow or ice longer than 24 hours after the cessation of the most recent
snowfall, it shall be the duty of the Public Works Director to cause such snow or ice to be
removed from the full width of such sidewalk and to report the date when, and address
where such work was done, and whether the sidewalk length exceeded 100 feet, to the
Village Treasurer, who shall insert the following amount in the tax list thereafter to be
made as a "special charge" against the property abutting such sidewalk, which shall be
collected as other taxes upon real estate are collected. The Public Works Director may
contract, as required, to complete the removal of snow and/or ice.
SIDEWALK NOT OVER 100 FEET
First time shoveled, $100; second time shoveled during the same winter $150; third and
subsequent times shoveled during the same winter $175.
SIDEWALK OVER 100 FEET:
First time shoveled, $200; second time shoveled during the same winter $250; third and
subsequent time shoveled during the same winter $275.
5.07 TREE TRIMMING AND SANITATION
(1) Trees to be Kept Trimmed. Trees standing in and upon any public street or place, or
upon any lot or land adjacent thereto shall be pruned and trimmed by the owner or
owners or occupants of the property on or in front of which such trees are growing so that
the lowest branches projecting over the public street or alley will provide a clearance of
not less than 14 feet and a clearance of not less than 10 feet over any other public place
and so that no dead, broken or otherwise hazardous branches shall be likely to fall and do
injury to the public. Any tree not trimmed as herein provided shall be deemed hazardous.
Trees and shrubs adjacent to any sidewalk shall be pruned and trimmed by the owner or
occupants of the property to allow safe passage for the full width of the sidewalk.
(2) Hazardous and Infected Trees. Any tree or part thereof, whether alive or dead, which
the Village Board shall find to be infected, hazardous or a nuisance so as to endanger the
public or other trees, plants or shrubs growing within the Village, or to be injurious to
sewer, sidewalks or other public improvements whether growing upon public or private
premises shall be removed, trimmed or treated by the owner of the property upon or
adjacent to which such tree or part thereof is located. The Director of Public Works shall
give written notice to said owner to remedy the situation which shall be served personally
or posted upon the affected tree. Such notice shall specifically state the period of time
within which the action must be token, which shall be within not less than 24 hours or
more than 14 days as determined by the Director of Public Works on the basis of the
seriousness of the condition of the tree or danger to the public. If the owner shall fail to
remove, treat or trim said tree with the time limited, the Village Board shall cause the
tree to be removed, treated or trimmed and shall report the full cost thereof to the
Village Treasurer who shall thereupon enter such cost as a special charge against the
(3) Cottonwood and Box Elder Trees Prohibited. No person shall plant or maintain within
the Village of Ferryville any female tree of the species Pupulus Deltoides, commonly
called the "Cottonwood" or any tree commonly called the seed-bearing Box Elder or Acer
Negundo, which may now or hereafter become infested with Box Elder Bugs, and such
trees are hereby declaring a nuisance. Any person having any such trees on his premises
shall cause the same to be removed. If any owner shall fail to remove any such tree
within 30 days after receiving written notice from the Director of Public Works, the
Director shall cause the removal of such tree and report the full cost thereof to the Village
Treasurer who shall place such charge upon the next tax roll as a special charge against
(4) Planting of Certain Trees Restricted. No person shall hereafter plant any Catalpa,
Chinese Elm, White Poplar, Lombardy Poplar, or any fruit or nut tree In or upon any public
street, parkway, boulevard or other public place within the Village of Ferryville unless
he/she shall first secure written permission from the Village Board, who shall not approve
any such planting if in his/her opinion said tree will constitute a nuisance to the public or
adjoining property owners or interfere with the safety or the public or the operation or any
sewer or water system. The Village Board shall cause the removal of any tree planted in
violation of this subsection.
(5) Penalty. The penalty for violation of any prevision of this section shall be a penalty
as provided in s. 13.04 of this code.
5.08 SIGN BOARDS IN VILLAGE
(1) There shall be no bill boards erected within the Village limits of the Village of
Ferryville. Unless it is on the persons own property and advertising their own business.
(2) Penalty. Any person shall violate this ordinance shall be subject to a penalty as
provided in s. 13.04 of this Municipal Code.
5.09 STANDARD FOR CONSTRUCTION OF VILLAGE STREETS
(1) Any street or roadway hereafter constructed by the Village or constructed by a
person, firm, partnership or corporation and there after request is made by that person,
firm, partnership or corporation to the Village to accept said street or roadway as a
Village Street must meet the following specification. See Exhibits "A", "B", and "C"
attached hereto and made a part of this Ordinance.
(2) Not withstanding the above the Village of Ferryville will not be compelled t accept
any street or roadway as a Village Street even though that street or roadway meets the
standards herein met forth.
5.10 ROAD WORK (amended and approved 4-15-2020)
(1) All road work of any nature and/or kind on roads and/or bridges within the corporate
limits of the Village of Ferryville shall be undertaken by Village employees or at the
option of the Village by the County of Crawford.
(2) Any ordinance or part thereof inconsistent herewith is hereby repealed.
(3) This ordinance shall take effect from and after its passage and publication as required