Ferryville Ordinance Chapter 5
STREETS AND SIDEWALKS
5.01 Street and Sidewalk Grades
5.02 Sidewalk Construction and Repair
5.04 Street and Sidewalk Excavations and Openings
5.05 Obstructions and Encroachments
5.06 Snow and Ice Removal
5.07 Tree Trimming and Sanitation
5.08 Sign Boards in Village
5.09 Standard for Construction of Village Streets
Exhibit A Minimum Layer Thickness
Exhibit B Village Local Roads
Exhibit C Minimum Design Standards for Town Roads
Use This link to view Exhbit A B & C
5.01 STREET AND SIDEWALK GRADE
(1) Establishment. The grade of all streets, alleys and sidewalks shall be established by resolution by the Village
Board and the same recorded by the Village Clerk in his/her office. No street, alley or sidewalk shall be worked until
the grade thereof is established.
(2) Alteration of Grade Prohibited. No person shall alter the grade of any street, alley, sidewalk or public ground or
any part thereof in the Village of Ferryville by any means whatsoever unless authorized or instructed to do so by
the Village Board. All such alterations of grade shall be recorded in the office of the Village Clerk by the Clerk or the
officer authorizing the alteration.
(3) Penalty. The penalty for violation of any provision of this section shall be a penalty as provided in s. 13.04 of
5.02 SIDEWALK CONSTRUCTION AND REPAIR
(1) Owner to Construct. It shall be the duty of the abutting owner to build, repair, construct and perpetually maintain
sidewalks along or upon any street, alley or highway in the Village of Ferryville and to pay one-half of the entire
cost thereof. Whenever the Village Board shall by resolution determine that a sidewalk be laid, rebuilt, repaired,
lowered or raised along or upon any public street, alley or highway within the Village of Ferryville, it shall proceed
according to s. 66.0907 of the Wisconsin Statutes.
(2) Permit Required. No person shall hereafter lay, remove, replace or repair any public sidewalk within the Village
of Ferryville unless he/she is under contract with the Village to do such work or has obtained a permit therefore
from the Village Board at least 7 days before work is proposed to be under taken. No fee shall be charged for such
(3) Specifications. All sidewalks within the Village of Ferryville hereafter shall be repaired,
rebuilt and constructed in accordance with the following specifications:
(a) Sub grade. The sub grade shall be prepared by excavating to the line, grade and cross section as established by
the Village Board. Soft and unsuitable material shall be removed and replaced with sand or other satisfactory
material, and the sub grade shall be thoroughly and uniformly compacted and moistened immediately before the
concrete is placed. When so specified by the Village Board a sub-base of sand, sand and gravel or other approved
material shall be placed under the sidewalk. On embankments the sub grade
shall extend at least one foot beyond each edge of the sidewalk.
(b) Material. All sidewalks shall be of air entrained concrete composed of 6 bags per cubic yard of one course
construction, and built to the established line and grade. Gravel shall be of good quality and washed. Concrete shall
be mixed thoroughly after all materials have been placed in the mixer.
(c) Forms. Concrete shall be placed in straight forms of wood or metal of sufficient strength to resist springing,
tipping or other displacement during the process of depositing and consolidating the concrete. Wood forms shall be
surface plank of at least 2 inches of thickness except for sharply curved sections. Metal forms shall be of approved
section. The forms shall be of full depth of the required walk and shall be of such design as to permit secure
fastening. Forms shall be thoroughly cleaned and oiled before the concrete is placed against them. Concrete shall be
placed in the forms on a moist sub grade, deposited just above the finished grade and consolidated and spaded
sufficiently to bring the mortar to the surface and to prevent honeycombing. It shall then be struck off level with the
top of the forms and finished with wooden flats.
To provide adequate drainage the sidewalk shall slope toward the curb at a minimum rate of 1/4 inch per foot or
width or sidewalk. All joints and edges shall be finished with a 1/4 inch radius edging tool.
(d) Width and Thickness. Residential walks shall be 5 feet in width and not less than 4 inches thick except within
driveway approaches where the minimum thickness shall be 6 inches: provided that walks in residential areas may
be repaired or replaced to a width not less than the existing width on the effective date of this section. Sidewalks in
front of commercial or industrial establishments shall be not less than 8 feet in width and 5 inches in thickness
except within driveway approaches where the minimum thickness shall be 7 inches.
(e) Finishing. Before the last finish has set, the sidewalk shall be steel troweled and brushed in transverse direction.
Before final finishing, the surface shall be checked with a 10 foot straight edge and any areas departing more than
1/8 inch form the testing edge shall be corrected by adding or removing concrete while the concrete in the walk is
(f) Jointing. Transverse, full depth, 1/2 inch thick expansion joints of premolded expansion material shall be located
every 40 feet and at the property line, and where the walk intersects another walk, curb line, building or driveway
approach, and at buildings, walls, poles and stop boxes. The expansion joint material shall be placed in a neat and
workmanlike manner with its upper edge slightly below the finished sidewalk surface. Dummy groove joints for
controlled cracking, at least one inch in thickness and 5/16 inch in depth, shall be placed at intervals of
approximately 5 feet. Steel division plates shall be placed at right angles to the center line of the sidewalk as
intervals at not less than 15 feet. All joints shall be at right angles to the direction and grade of the walk. Diagonal
joints may be used only when approved by the Director of Public Works.
(g) Curing and Drying. As soon as any of the concrete work hereinbefore mentioned has been finished and hardened
sufficiently to prevent excessive marring of the surface, it shall be cured and protected against rapid drying. Failure
to comply with this requirement shall be deemed sufficient cause for suspension of the work.
(4) Penalty. The penalty for violation of any provision of this section shall be a penalty as
provided in s. 13.04 of this code.
(1) Approval Required. No person shall construct or maintain any driveway across any sidewalk or curbing or
right-a-way without first obtaining a driveway permit from the Village Clerk and Director of Public Works, or
Wisconsin DOT (Main Street) or Crawford County Highway Commissioner (Highway C).
(2) Specifications for Driveway Construction.
(a) Width. No Driveway shall exceed 24 feet in width at the outer or street edge unless special permission is
obtained from the Village Board.
(b) Interference with Intersections Prohibited. At street intersections a driveway shall not provide direct ingress or
egress to or from the street intersection area and shall not occupy areas of the roadway deemed necessary by the
Village Board for effective traffic control or for highway signs or signals.
(c) Interference with street. No driveway apron shall extend out into the street further than the face of the curb, and
under no circumstances shall such driveway apron extend into the gutter area. All driveway entrances and
approaches shall be so constructed that they shall not interfere with the drainage of streets, side ditches or
roadside areas or with any existing structure on the right of way. When required by the driveway permit to provide
for adequate surface water drainage along the street, the property owner shall provide any necessary culvert pipe
at his/her own expense.
(d) Number of Approaches limited. No more than one driveway entrance and approach shall be constructed for any
lot or premises except where deemed necessary and feasible without undue impairment of safety, convenience and
utility of the street by the Village Board. Any 2 approaches shall be at least 10 feet apart.
(e) Workmanship and Materials. All driveway entrances and approaches which are constructed across sidewalk shall
be paved in accordance with the requirements for sidewalk construction in s. 5.02 (3) of this code insofar as such
requirements are applicable, including thickness requirements in s. 5.02 (3) (d).
(f) Permittee Liable for Damage or Injury. The pemittee shall assume all responsibility for any injury or damage to
persons or property resulting directly or indirectly during construction or repair of driveway approaches or
entrances. When curb or gutter is removed, the new connection shall be of equivalent acceptance material and curb
returns provided or restored in a neat, workmanlike manner. Driveway surfaces shall connect with the street
pavement and sidewalk is a neat, workmanlike manner. Any sidewalk areas which are damaged or are inadequate
by reason of vehicle travel across the sidewalk shall be replaced in accordance with the requirements of s. 5.02 (3).
(3) Penalty. The penalty for violation of any provision of this section shall be a penalty as
provided in s. 13.04 of this code.
5.04 STREET AND SIDEWALK EXCAVATIONS AND OPENINGS.
(1) Permit Required. No person shall make or cause to be made any excavation or opening in any street, alley,
highway, sidewalk or other public way within the Village of Ferryville without first obtaining a permit therefore from
the Village Clerk and Director of Public Works.
(2) Fee. The fee for a street opening permit shall be $2.00 and shall be paid to the Village Treasurer who shall issue
his/her receipt therefore.
(3) Bond. Before a permit for excavating or opening any street or public way may be issued, the applicant must
execute and deposit with the Village Treasurer an indemnity bond, approved by the Village President, in the sum of
$5,000 conditioned that he/she will indemnify and save harmless the Village of Ferryville and its officers from all
liability for accidents and damage caused by any of the work covered by his/her permit, and that he/she will fill up
and place in good and safe condition all excavations and opening made in the street, and will replace and restore
the pavement over any opening he/she may make as near as can be to the state and condition in which he/she
found it, and keep and maintain the same in such condition, normal wear and tear excepted, to the satisfaction of
the Village Board for a period of one year, and that he/she will pay all fines imposed upon him/her for any violation
of any rule regulation or ordinance governing street openings or drain laying adopted by the Village Board, and will
repair any damage done to existing improvements during the progress of the excavation in accordance with the
ordinances, rules and regulations of the Village. Such bond shall also guarantee that if the Village shall elect to
make the street repair, person opening the street will pay all costs of making such repair and of maintain the same
for one year.
Recovery on such bond for any accident, injury, violation of law, ordinance, rule or regulation shall not exhaust the
bond but it shall cover any and all accidents, injuries or violations during the period of excavation for which it is
An annual bond may be given under this section covering all excavation work done by the principal for one year
beginning January 1, which shall be conditioned as specified above and in the amount determined by the Village
Board as necessary to adequately protect the public and the Village.
(4) Insurance. Prior to commencement of excavation work a permittee must furnish the Village Board satisfactory
written evidence that he/she has in force and will maintain during the life of the permit and the period of
excavation, public liability insurance of not less than $100,000 for one person, $300,000 for one accident and
property damage insurance of not less than $50,000.
(5) Regulations Governing Street and Sidewalk Openings.
(a) Frozen Ground. No opening in the streets or sidewalks for any purpose shall be permitted when the ground is
frozen, except where necessary as determined by the Village Clerk and Director of Public Works.
(b) Removal of Paving. In opening any street or other public way, all paving or ballasting materials shall be
removed with the least possible loss of or injury to surfacing material and together with the excavated material
from trenches shall be placed so as to cause the least practicable inconvenience to the public and permit free flow
of water along gutters.
(c) Protection of Public. Every person shall enclose with sufficient barriers each opening which he/she may make in
the streets or public ways of the Village. All machinery and equipment shall be locked or otherwise effectively
safeguarded from unauthorized, use when not being used by the permittee, his/her agents or employees. Red lights
or torch lamps shall be kept burning from sunset to sunrise, one red light or torch lamp to be place at each end of
the opening in the street or way and other lights sufficient in number and properly space to give adequate warning.
Except by special permission from the Director of Public Works no trench shall be excavated more than 250 feet in
advance of pipe laying nor left unfilled more than 500 feet where pipe has been laid. All necessary precautions shall
be taken to guard the public effectually from accidents or damage to persons or property through the period of the
work. Each person making much opening shall be held liable for all damages, including costs incurred by the Village
in defending any actions brought against it for damages, as well as cost of any appeal, that may result from the
neglect by such person or his/her employees of any necessary precaution against injury or damage to persons,
vehicles or property of any kind.
(d) Replacing Street Surface. In opening any street or sidewalk, the paving
materials, sand gravel and earth or other material moved or penetrated and all surface monuments or hubs must be
removed and replaced as nearly as possible in their original condition or position and the same relation to the
remainder as before. Any excavated material which in the opinion of the Village Board is not suitable for refilling
shall be replaced with
approved backfill material. All rubbish shall be immediately removed, leaving the street or sidewalk in perfect
repair, the same to be so maintained for a period of one year. In refilling the opening, the earth must be puddle or
laid in layers not more that 6 inches in depth and each layer rammed, tampered or flushed to prevent after-settling.
When the sides of the trench will not stand perpendicular, sheathing and braces must be used to prevent caving. No
timber, bracing, lagging, sheathing or other lumber shall be left in any trench. The Village may elect to have the
Village make the pavement repair for any street or sidewalk opening, in which case the cost of making such repair
and of maintaining it for one year shall be charged to the person making the street opening.
(6) Excavation in New Streets Limited. Whenever the Village Board determines to provide for the permanent
improvement or repaving of any street such determination shall be made not less than 30 day before the work of
improvements or repaving shall begin. Immediately after such determination by the Village Board, the Village Board
shall notify in writing each person, utility, Village department or other agency owning or controlling any sewer,
water main, conduit or other utility in or under said street or any real property abutting said street, that all such
excavation work is such street must be completed within 30 day. After such permanent improvements or repaving,
no permit shall be issued to open, cut or excavate said street for a period of 5 years after the date of improvements
or repaving unless in the opinion of the Village Board an
emergency exists which makes it absolutely essential that the permit be issued.
(7) Emergency Excavations Authorized. In the event of an emergency any person owning or controlling any sewer,
water main, conduit or utility in or under any street and his/her agents or employees may take immediate proper
emergency measures to remedy dangerous conditions for the protection of property, life, health or safety without
obtaining an excavation permit, provided that such person shall apply for an excavation permit not later than the
end of the next succeeding business day and shall not make any permanent repairs without first obtaining an
excavation permit hereunder.
(8) Village Work Excluded. The provisions of this section shall not apply to excavation work under the direction of
the Village Board by Village employee or contractor
performing work under contract with the Village necessitating openings or excavations in Village streets.
(9) Penalty. The penalty for violation of any provision of this section shall be a penalty as provided in s. 13.04 of
5.05 OBSTRUCTIONS AND ENCROACHEMNTS
(1) Obstructions and Encroachments Prohibited. No person shall encroach upon or in any
way obstruct or encumber any street, alley, sidewalk, public grounds or land dedicated to public use. Or any part
thereof, or permit such encroachment or encumbrance to be place or remain on any public way adjoining the
premises of which he/she is the owner or occupant, except as provided in sub. (2).
(2) Exceptions. The prohibition of sub. (1) shall not apply to the following:
(a) Signs or clocks attached to buildings which project not more than 6 feet from the face of such building and which
do not extend below any point 10 feet above the sidewalk, street or alley.
(b) Awnings hereinafter installed or repaired which do not extend below any point 7 feet above the sidewalk, street
(c) Public utility encroachments duly authorized by state law or the Village Board.
(d) Goods, wares, merchandise or fixtures being loaded or unloaded which do not extend more than 3 feet on the
sidewalk, provided such goods, wares, etc., do not remain thereon for a period of more than 2 hours.
(e) Temporary encroachments or obstructions authorized by permit under sub. (3).
(f) Excavations and openings permitted under s. 5.04.
(3) STREET PRIVILEGE PERMIT
(a) When Required. Permits for the use of the streets, alleys, sidewalks or other public ways or places of the Village
may be granted to applicants by the Village Clerk and the Director of Public Works for the purpose of moving any
building or structure or of encumbering the street, alley, sidewalk or way with materials necessary in and about the
construction or demolition of any building or structure, provided such applicant has complied with the other
requirements of this subsection and has obtained a permit.
(b) Bond. No street privilege permit shall be issued until the applicant shall execute and file with the Village Clerk a
bond in an amount determined by the Director of Public Works, conditioned that the applicant will indemnify and
save harmless the Village Of Ferryville from all liability for accidents or damage caused by reason of operations
under said permit and will remove such encumbrance upon termination of the operations and will leave the vacated
premises in a clean and sanitary condition and repair any and all damage to the streets, alleys, sidewalks and public
property of the Village resulting from such building or moving operation. (c) Fee. The fee for a street privilege
permit shall be $10.
(d) Conditions of Occupancy. The permission to occupy or obstruct the streets,
alleys, sidewalks or public grounds is intended only for use in connection with the actual erection, alteration, repair,
removal or moving of buildings or structures and shall be given upon the following terms and conditions and subject
to revocation without notice by the Village Board for violation thereof:
(1) Such temporary obstruction shall cover not more that 1/3 of any street or alley.
(2) Obstructions shall be sufficiently lighted at night so as to be in full view of the public from all directions.
(3) Sidewalk traffic shall not be interrupted, but temporary sidewalks of not less than 4 feet in width guarded by a
closed fence at least 4 feet high on both sides may be maintained during the period of occupancy.
(4) The process of moving any building or structure shall be as continuous as practicable until completed, and if
ordered by the Director of Public Works, shall continue during all hours of the day and night.
(5) No building or structure shall be allowed to remain overnight on any street crossing or intersection or so near
thereto as to prevent easy access to any fire hydrant.
(6) Buildings shall be moved only in accordance with the route prescribed by the Village Board.
(7) Upon termination of the work necessitating such obstruction, all parts of the streets, alley, sidewalks or public
grounds occupied under the permit shall be vacated, cleaned of all rubbish and obstructions and placed in a safe
condition for public travel at expense of the permittee.
(e) Termination. All street privilege permits shall automatically terminate at the
end of 3 months from the date of issuances unless an earlier termination date is specified thereon at the direction of
the Village Board.
(4) Removal of by Village. In addition to any other penalty imposed, if the owner or
occupant of the premises adjoining any unlawfully obstructed sidewalk shall refuse or neglect to remove such
obstruction within 24 hours after notice from the Director of Public Works to do so, it shall be the duty of the Village
Board to remove such obstruction and make return of the cost and expense thereof to the Village Clerk who shall
enter such cost on the next annual tax roll as a special charge against the property abutting such obstructed
sidewalk, and such sum shall be levied and collected as other special taxes against real estate. (5) Penalty. The
penalty for violation of any of the provisions of this section shall be a
penalty as provided in s. 13.04 of this code.
5.06 SNOW AND ICE REMOVAL - SIDEWALKS
(1) The owner, occupant or person in charge, of a property abutting a street shall clean the sidewalk abutting such
lot of snow or ice to the full width of such sidewalk within 24 hours after the cessation of snowfall, and shall cause
the same to be kept free from snow or ice; provided, that when ice has so formed on any sidewalk that it cannot be
removed, said owner, occupant or person in charge shall keep the same sprinkled with sand, salt or a non slip
(2) Noncompliance - Village Action. In cases where any sidewalk remains covered in any part with snow or ice
longer than 24 hours after the cessation of the most recent snowfall, it shall be the duty of the Public Works Director
to cause such snow or ice to be removed from the full width of such sidewalk and to report the date when, and
address where such work was done, and whether the sidewalk length exceeded 100 feet, to the Village Treasurer,
who shall insert the following amount in the tax list thereafter to be made as a "special charge" against the property
abutting such sidewalk, which shall be collected as other taxes when real estate taxes are collected. The Public
Works Director may contract, as required, to complete the removal of snow and/or ice.
SIDEWALK NOT OVER 100 FEET
First time shoveled, $100; second time shoveled during the same winter $150; third and subsequent times shoveled
during the same winter $175.
SIDEWALK OVER 100 FEET:
First time shoveled, $200; second time shoveled during the same winter $250; third and subsequent time shoveled
during the same winter $275.
5.07 TREE TRIMMING AND SANITATION
(1) Trees to be Kept Trimmed. Trees standing in and upon any public street or place, or upon any lot or land
adjacent thereto shall be pruned and trimmed by the owner or owners or occupants of the property on or in front of
which such trees are growing so that the lowest branches projecting over the public street or alley will provide a
clearance of not less than 14 feet and a clearance of not less than 10 feet over any other public place and so that no
dead, broken or otherwise hazardous branches shall be likely to fall and do injury to the public. Any tree not
trimmed as herein provided shall be deemed hazardous. Trees and shrubs adjacent to any sidewalk shall be pruned
and trimmed by the owner or occupants of the property to allow safe passage for the full width of the sidewalk.
(2) Hazardous and Infected Trees. Any tree or part thereof, whether alive or dead, which the Village Board shall find
to be infected, hazardous or a nuisance so as to
endanger the public or other trees, plants or shrubs growing within the Village, or to be injurious to sewer, sidewalks
or other public improvements whether growing upon public or private premises shall be removed, trimmed or
treated by the owner of the property upon or adjacent to which such tree or part thereof is located. The Director of
Public Works shall give written notice to said owner to remedy the situation which shall be served personally or
posted upon the affected tree. Such notice shall specifically state the period of time within which the action must be
token, which shall be within not less than 24 hours or more than 14 days as determined by the Director of Public
Works on the basis of the seriousness of the condition of the tree or danger to the public. If the owner shall fail to
remove, treat or trim said tree with the time limited, the Village Board shall cause the tree to be removed, treated or
trimmed and shall report the full cost thereof to the Village Treasurer who shall thereupon enter such cost as a
special charge against the property.
(3) Cottonwood and Box Elder Trees Prohibited. No person shall plant or maintain within the Village of Ferryville any
female tree of the species Pupulus Deltoides, commonly called the "Cottonwood" or any tree commonly called the
seed-bearing Box Elder or Acer Negundo, which may now or hereafter become infested with Box Elder Bugs, and
such trees are hereby declaring a nuisance. Any person having any such trees on his premises shall cause the same
to be removed. If any owner shall fail to remove any such tree within 30 days after receiving written notice from the
Director of Public Works, the Director shall cause the removal of such tree and report the full cost thereof to the
Village Treasurer who shall place such charge upon the next tax roll as a special charge against the premises.
(4) Planting of Certain Trees Restricted. No person shall hereafter plant any Catalpa, Chinese Elm, White Poplar,
Lombardy Poplar, or any fruit or nut tree In or upon any public street, parkway, boulevard or other public place
within the Village of Ferryville unless he/she shall first secure written permission from the Village Board, who shall
not approve any such planting if in his/her opinion said tree will constitute a nuisance to the public or adjoining
property owners or interfere with the safety or the public or the operation or any sewer or water system. The Village
shall cause the removal of any tree planted in violation of this subsection.
(5) Penalty. The penalty for violation of any prevision of this section shall be a penalty as provided in s. 13.04 of
5.08 SIGN BOARDS IN VILLAGE
(1) There shall be no bill boards erected within the Village limits of the Village of Ferryville. Unless it is on the
persons own property and advertising their own business.
(2) Penalty. Any person shall violate this ordinance shall be subject to a penalty as provided in s. 13.04 of this
5.09 STANDARD FOR CONSTRUCTION OF VILLAGE STREETS
(1) Any street or roadway hereafter constructed by the Village or constructed by a person,
firm, partnership or corporation and there after request is made by that person, firm, partnership or corporation to
the Village to accept said street or roadway as a Village Street must meet the following specification. See Exhibits
"A", "B", and "C" attached hereto and made a part of this Ordinance.
(2) Not withstanding the above the Village of Ferryville will not be compelled to accept any street or roadway as a
Village Street even though that street or roadway meets the standards herein met forth.