11.01 STATUTORY AUTHORIZATION, FINDINGS OF FACT, STATEMENT OF PURPOSE AND TITLE
11.02 GENERAL PROVISIONS AND ZONING MAPS
11.03 SHORELAND WETLAND ZONING DISTRICT
11.04 NONCONFORMING STRUCTURES AND USES
11.05 ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS
11.06 AMENDING SHORELAND WETLAND ZONING REGULATIONS
11.07 ENFORCEMENT AND PENALTIES
11.01 STATUTORY AUTHORIZATION, FINDINGS OF FACT, STATEMENT OF PURPOSE AND
(1) STATUTORY AUTHORIZATION
This ordinance is adopted pursuant to the authorization in sections 61.35 and 61.351 for villages and 87.30 and
281.31, Wis. Stats.
(2) FINDING OF FACT AND PURPOSE
Uncontrolled use of the shoreland wetlands and pollution of the navigable waters of the municipality would
adversely affect the public health, safety, convenience, and general welfare and impair the tax base. The
Legislature of Wisconsin has delegated responsibility to all municipalities to:
(a) Promote the public health, safety, convenience and general welfare;
(b) Maintain the storm and flood water storage capacity of wetlands;
(c) Prevent and control water pollution by preserving wetlands which filter or store sediments, nutrients, heavy
metals or organic compounds that would otherwise drain into navigable waters;
(d) Protect fish, their spawning grounds, other aquatic life and wildlife by preserving wetlands and other aquatic
(e) Prohibit certain uses detrimental to the shoreland wetland area; and
(f) Preserve shore cover and natural beauty by restricting the removal of natural shoreland cover and controlling
shoreland wetland excavation, filling and other earth moving activities.
11.02 GENERAL PROVISIONS
The use of wetlands and the alteration of wetlands within the shoreland area of the municipality shall be in full
compliance with the terms of this ordinance and other applicable local, state or federal regulations. (However, see
section 11.04 of this ordinance, for the standards applicable to nonconforming uses.) All permitted development
shall require the issuance of a zoning permit unless otherwise expressly excluded by a provision of this ordinance.
(2) MUNICIPALITIES AND STATE AGENCIES REGULATED
Unless specifically exempted by law, all cities, villages, towns, and counties are required to comply with this
ordinance and obtain all necessary permits. State agencies are required to comply if section 13.48(13), Wis. Stats.,
applies. The construction, reconstruction, maintenance and repair of state highways and bridges by the Wisconsin
Department of Transportation are exempt when section 30.12(4) (a), Wis. Stats., applies.
(3) ABROGATION AND GREATER RESTRICTIONS
(a) This ordinance supersedes all the provisions of any municipal zoning ordinance enacted under sections 61.35,
62.23 or 87.30, Wis. Stats., which relate to floodplains and shoreland wetlands, except that where another municipal
zoning ordinance is more restrictive than this ordinance, that ordinance shall continue in full force and effect to the
extent of the greater restrictions, but not otherwise.
(b) This ordinance is not intended to repeal, abrogate or impair any existing deed restrictions, covenants or
easements. However, where this ordinance imposes greater restrictions, the provisions of this ordinance shall
In their interpretation and application, the provisions of this ordinance shall be held to be minimum requirements
and shall be liberally construed in favor of the municipality and shall not be deemed a limitation or repeal of any
other powers granted by the Wisconsin Statutes. Where a provision of this ordinance is required by a standard in
chapter NR 117, Wis. Adm. Code, and where the ordinance provision is unclear, the provision shall be interpreted in
light of the chapter NR 117 standards in effect on the date of the adoption of this ordinance or in effect on the date
of the most recent text amendment to this ordinance.
Should any portion of this ordinance be declared invalid or unconstitutional by a court of competent jurisdiction,
the remainder of this ordinance shall not be affected.
(6) ANNEXED AREAS
The County shoreland zoning provisions in effect on the date of annexation remain in effect administered by the
municipality for all areas annexed by the municipality after May 7, 1982 unless any of the changes as allowed by s.
59.692(7)(a)(1-3), Stats. occurs. These annexed lands are described on the municipality's official zoning map. The
County shoreland zoning provisions are incorporated by reference for the purpose of administering this section and
are on file in the office of the municipal zoning administrator.
11.03 SHORELAND WETLAND ZONING DISTRICT
(1) SHORELAND WETLAND ZONING MAPS
The following maps are hereby adopted and made part of this ordinance and are on file in the office of the
(a) Wisconsin Wetland Inventory maps 04/30/1987.
(b) Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM), panel numbers 55023C0151E, 55023C0152E, 55023C0154E, dated
12/17/2010; with corresponding profiles that are based on the Flood Insurance Study (FIS) dated 12/17/2010,
Approved by: The DNR and FEMA
OFFICIAL MAPS: Based on other studies
Ferryville Boat Ramp Area Map (Appendix A)
(Floodway Boundary, 10/6/1994, Department of Natural Resources)
(1) The Floodway District (FW) is the channel of a river or stream and
those portions of the floodplain adjoining the channel required to
carry the regional floodwaters.
(2) The Floodfringe District (FF) is that portion of the floodplain between the regional flood limits and the
(3) The General Floodplain District (GFP) is those areas that have been or may be covered by the floodwater
during the regional flood.
(4) The Ferryville Boat Ramp Area Floodway District:
Description: Located in the delta area surrounding the boat ramp, riverward of the railroad tracks, approximately
1200 feet in length parallel to the tracks, starting and ending at points where the shoreline curves away from a
parallel direction to the regular shoreline on either side upstream and downstream from the boat ramp. The
Floodway Boundary is the point on the regular ground and railroad embankment reached by the water level of the
1993 flood as described in letters from the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources to the Village dated
10/6/1994 to which the map is an attachment and further described in a letter dated 10/10/1994. Letters included
in Ordinance Appendix .
(c) United States Geological Survey map for Ferryville, WIS - Iowa dated 1983.
(2) DISTRICT BOUNDARIES
(a) The shoreland wetland zoning district includes all wetlands in the municipality which are five acres or more and
are shown on the final Wetland Inventory Map that has been adopted and made a part of this ordinance and which
(1) Within one thousand (1,000) feet of the ordinary high water mark of navigable lakes, ponds or flowages. Lakes,
ponds or flowages in the municipality shall be presumed to be navigable if they are shown on the United States
Geological Survey quadrangle maps or other zoning base maps which have been incorporated by reference and
made a part of this ordinance.
(2) Within three hundred (300) feet of the ordinary high water mark of navigable rivers or streams, or to the
landward side of the floodplain, whichever distance is greater. Rivers and streams shall be presumed to be
navigable if they are designated as either continuous or intermittent waterways on the United States Geological
Survey quadrangle maps or other zoning base maps which have been incorporated by reference and made a part of
this ordinance. Floodplain zoning maps adopted in section 11.03 (1)(b) shall be used to determine the extent of
(b) Determinations of navigability and ordinary high water mark location shall initially be made by the zoning
administrator. When questions arise, the zoning administrator shall contact the appropriate district office of the
Department for a final determination of navigability or ordinary high water mark.
(c) When an apparent discrepancy exists between the shoreland wetland district boundary shown on the official
zoning maps and actual field conditions at the time the maps were adopted, the zoning administrator shall contact
the appropriate district office of the Department to determine if the shoreland wetland district boundary as
mapped, is in error. If Department staff concur with the zoning administrator that a particular area was incorrectly
mapped as a wetland, the zoning administrator shall have the authority to immediately grant or deny a zoning
permit in accordance with the regulations applicable to the correct zoning district. In order to correct wetland
mapping errors or acknowledge exempted wetlands designated in section 11.03(2)(d) and 11.03(2)(e), the zoning
administrator shall be responsible for initiating a map amendment within a reasonable period.
(d) FILLED WETLANDS
Wetlands which are filled prior to , the date on which the municipality received final wetland inventory maps, in a
manner which affects their wetland characteristics to the extent that the area can no longer be defined as wetland,
are not subject to this ordinance.
(e) WETLANDS LANDWARD OF A BULKHEAD LINE
Wetlands located between the original ordinary high water mark and a bulkhead line established prior to May 7,
1982 under s. 30.11, Stats. are not subject to this ordinance.
(3) PERMITTED USES
The following uses are permitted subject to the provisions of chapters 30 and 31, Wis. Stats., and the provisions of
other local, state and federal laws, if applicable:
(a) Activities and uses which do not require the issuance of a zoning permit, provided that no wetland alteration
(1) Hiking, fishing, trapping, hunting, swimming, snowmobiling and boating;
(2) The harvesting of wild crops, such as marsh hay, ferns, moss, wild rice, berries, tree fruits and tree seeds, in a
manner that is not injurious to the natural reproduction of such crops;
(3) The practice of silviculture, including the planting, thinning and harvesting of timber;
(4) The pasturing of livestock;
(5) The cultivation of agricultural crops; and
(6) The construction and maintenance of duck blinds.
(b) Uses which do not require the issuance of a zoning permit and which may involve wetland alterations only to
the extent specifically provided below:
(1) The practice of silviculture, including limited temporary water level stabilization measures which are necessary
to alleviate abnormally wet or dry conditions that would have an adverse impact on the conduct of silvicultural
activities if not corrected;
(2) The cultivation of cranberries, including limited wetland alterations necessary for the purpose of growing and
(3) The maintenance and repair of existing drainage systems to restore pre existing levels of drainage, including
the minimum amount of filling necessary to dispose of dredged spoil, provided that the filling is otherwise
permissible and that dredged spoil is placed on existing spoil banks where possible;
(4) The construction and maintenance of fences for the pasturing of livestock, including limited excavating and
filling necessary for such construction or maintenance;
(5) The construction and maintenance of piers, docks, walkways, observation decks and trail bridges built on
pilings, including limited excavating and filling necessary for such construction or maintenance;
(6) The installation and maintenance of sealed tiles for the purpose of draining lands outside the shoreland wetland
zoning district provided that such installation or maintenance is done in a manner designed to minimize adverse
impacts upon the natural functions of the shoreland wetland listed in section 11.06(1)(c) of this ordinance; and
(7) The maintenance, repair, replacement and reconstruction of existing highways and bridges, including limited
excavating and filling necessary for such maintenance, repair, replacement or reconstruction.
(c) Uses which are allowed upon the issuance of a permit and which may include wetland alterations only to the
extent specifically provided below:
(1) The construction and maintenance of roads which are necessary for the continuity of the municipal street
system, the provision of essential utility and emergency services or to provide access to uses permitted under
section 11.03(3), of this ordinance, provided that:
(a) The road cannot, as a practical matter, be located outside the wetland;
(b) The road is designed and constructed to minimize adverse impacts upon the natural functions of the wetland
listed in section 11.06(1)(c) of this ordinance;
(c) The road is designed and constructed with the minimum cross sectional area practical to serve the intended
(d) Road construction activities are carried out in the immediate area of the roadbed only; and
(e) Any wetland alteration must be necessary for the construction or maintenance of the road.
(2) The construction and maintenance of nonresidential buildings provided that:
(a) The building is used solely in conjunction with a use permitted in the shoreland wetland district or for the
raising of waterfowl, minnows or other wetland or aquatic animals;
(b) The building cannot, as a practical matter, be located outside the wetland;
(c) The building does not exceed 500 square feet in floor area; and
(d) Only limited filling and excavating necessary to provide structural support for the building is allowed.
(3) The establishment and development of public and private parks and recreation areas, outdoor education areas,
historic, natural and scientific areas, game refuges and closed areas, fish and wildlife habitat improvement
projects, game bird and animal farms, wildlife preserves and public boat launching ramps, provided that:
(a) Any private development allowed under this paragraph shall be used exclusively for the permitted purpose;
(b) Only limited filling and excavating necessary for the development of public boat launching ramps, swimming
beaches or the construction of park shelters or similar structures is allowed;
(c) The construction and maintenance of roads necessary for the uses permitted under this paragraph are allowed
only where such construction and maintenance meets the criteria in section 11.03(3)(c)(1) of this ordinance; and
(d) Wetland alterations in game refuges and closed areas, fish and wildlife habitat improvement projects, game
bird and animal farms and wildlife preserves shall be for the purpose of improving wildlife habitat or to otherwise
enhance wetland values.
(4) The construction and maintenance of electric and telephone transmission lines, water and gas distribution lines
and sewage collection lines and related facilities and the construction and maintenance of railroad lines provided
(a) The utility transmission and distribution facilities and railroad lines cannot, as a practical matter, be located
outside the wetland;
(b) Only limited filling or excavating necessary for such construction or maintenance is allowed; and
(c) Such construction or maintenance is done in a manner designed to minimize adverse impacts upon the natural
functions of the wetland listed in section 11.06(1)(c) of this ordinance.
(4) PROHIBITED USES
(a) Any use not listed in section 11.03(3) of this ordinance is prohibited, unless the wetland or a portion of the
wetland has been rezoned by amendment of this ordinance in accordance with section 11.06 of this ordinance.
(b) The use of a boathouse for human habitation and the construction or placement of a boathouse or fixed
houseboat below the ordinary high water mark of any navigable waters are prohibited.
11.04 NONCONFORMING STRUCTURES AND USES
(1) The lawful use of a building, structure or property which existed at the time this ordinance, or an applicable
amendment to this ordinance, took effect and which is not in conformity with the provisions of the ordinance,
including the routine maintenance of such a building or structure, may be continued, subject to the following
(2) The shoreland-wetland provisions of this ordinance authorized by
s. 61.351, Wis. Stats., shall not limit the repair, reconstruction, renovation,
remodeling or expansion of a nonconforming structure or of any
environmental control facility related to such a structure in existence on the
effective date of the shoreland-wetland provisions. All other modifications
to nonconforming structures are subject to s. 62.23(7)(h), Wis. Stats.,
which limits total lifetime structural repairs and alterations to 50% of current
fair market value.
(3) If a nonconforming use or the use of a nonconforming structure is discontinued for twelve (12) consecutive
months, any future use of the building, structure or property shall conform to this ordinance.
(4) Any legal nonconforming use of property which does not involve the use of a structure and which existed at the
time of the adoption or subsequent amendment of this ordinance adopted under sections 61.351 or 62.231, Wis.
Stats., may be continued although such use does not conform with the provisions of the ordinance. However, such
nonconforming use may not be extended.
(5) The maintenance and repair of nonconforming boathouses which are located below the ordinary high water
mark of any navigable waters shall comply with the requirements of section 30.121, Wis. Stats.
(6) Uses which are nuisances under common law shall not be permitted to continue as nonconforming uses.
11.05 ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISION
(1) ZONING ADMINISTRATOR
The Village of Ferryville Planning Commission is appointed zoning administrator for the purpose of administering
and enforcing this ordinance.
The zoning administrator shall have the following duties and powers:
(a) Advise applicants as to the provisions of this ordinance and assist them in preparing permit applications and
(b) Issue permits and certificates of compliance and inspect properties for compliance with this ordinance.
(c) Keep records of all permits issued, inspections made, work approved and other official actions.
(d) Have access to any structure or premises between the hours of 8 a.m. and 6 p.m. for the purpose of performing
(e) Submit copies of decisions on variances, conditional use permits, appeals for a map or text interpretation, and
map or text amendments within 10 days after they are granted or denied, to the appropriate district office of the
(f) Investigate and report violations of this ordinance to the appropriate municipal planning agency and the district
attorney, corporation counsel or municipal attorney.
(2) ZONING PERMITS
(a) WHEN REQUIRED
Unless another section of this ordinance specifically exempts certain types of development from this requirement,
a zoning permit shall be obtained from the zoning administrator before any new development, as defined in section
8.2(6), of this ordinance, or any change in the use of an existing building or structure is initiated.
An application for a zoning permit shall be made to the zoning administrator upon forms furnished by the
municipality and shall include, for the purpose of proper enforcement of these regulations, the following
(1) GENERAL INFORMATION
(a) Name, address, and telephone number of applicant, property owner and contractor, where applicable.
(b) Legal description of the property and a general description of the proposed use or development.
(c) Whether or not a private water supply or sewage system is to be installed.
(2) SITE DEVELOPMENT PLAN
The site development plan shall be submitted as a part of the permit application and shall contain the following
information drawn to scale:
(a) Dimensions and area of the lot;
(b) Location of any structures with distances measured from the lot lines and center line of all abutting streets or
(c) Description of any existing or proposed on site sewage systems or private water supply systems;
(d) Location of the ordinary high water mark of any abutting navigable waterways;
(e) Boundaries of all wetlands;
(f) Existing and proposed topographic and drainage features and vegetative cover;
(g) Location of floodplain and floodway limits on the property as determined from floodplain zoning maps;
(h) Location of existing or future access roads; and
(i) Specifications and dimensions for areas of proposed wetland alteration.
All permits issued under the authority of this ordinance shall expire 12 months from the date of issuance.
(3) CERTIFICATES OF COMPLIANCE
(a) Except where no zoning permit or conditional use permit is required, no land shall be occupied or used, and no
building which is hereafter constructed, altered, added to, modified, rebuilt or replaced shall be occupied, until a
certificate of compliance is issued by the zoning administrator subject to the following provisions:
(1) The certificate of compliance shall show that the building or premises or part thereof, and the proposed use
thereof, conform to the provisions of this ordinance.
(2) Application for such certificate shall be concurrent with the application for a zoning or conditional use permit.
(3) The certificate of compliance shall be issued within 10 days after notification of the completion of the work
specified in the zoning or conditional use permit, providing the building or premises and proposed use thereof
conform with all the provisions of this ordinance.
(b) The zoning administrator may issue a temporary certificate of compliance for a building, premises or part
thereof pursuant to rules and regulations established by the municipal governing body.
(c) Upon written request from the owner, the zoning administrator shall issue a certificate of compliance for any
building or premises existing at the time of ordinance adoption, certifying after inspection, the extent and type of
use made of the building or premises and whether or not such use conforms to the provisions of this ordinance.
(4) CONDITIONAL USE PERMITS
Any use listed as a conditional use in this ordinance shall be permitted only after an application has been submitted
to the zoning administrator and a conditional use permit has been granted by the Board of Appeals following the
procedures in sections 11.05(8)(b), 11.05(8)(c) and 11.05(8)(d) of this ordinance.
Upon consideration of the permit application and the standards applicable to the conditional uses designated in
section 11.03(3)(c) of this ordinance, the Board of Appeals shall attach such conditions to a conditional use permit,
in addition to those required elsewhere in this ordinance, as are necessary to further the purposes of this
ordinance as listed in section 11.01(2). Such conditions may include specifications for, without limitation because of
specific enumeration: type of shore cover; erosion controls; increased setbacks; specific sewage disposal and
water supply facilities; landscaping and planting screens; period of operation; operational control; sureties; deed
restrictions; location of piers, docks, parking areas and signs; and type of construction. To secure information upon
which to base its determination, the Board of Appeals may require the applicant to furnish, in addition to the
information required for a zoning permit, other pertinent information which is necessary to determine if the
proposed use is consistent with the purpose of this ordinance.
The municipal governing body may, by resolution, adopt fees for the following:
(a) Zoning permits.
(b) Certificates of compliance.
(c) Public hearings.
(d) Legal notice publications.
(e) Conditional use permits.
(f) Rezoning petitions.
Where a zoning permit or conditional use permit is approved, an appropriate record shall be made by the zoning
administrator of the land use and structures permitted.
Where the conditions of a zoning permit or conditional use permit are violated, the permit shall be revoked by the
Board of Appeals.
(8) BOARD OF APPEALS
The Village President shall appoint a Board of Appeals under section 62.23(7)(e), Wis. Stats., consisting of five
members subject to confirmation by the municipal governing body. The Board of Appeals shall adopt rules for the
conduct of its business as required by section 62.23(7)(e)3., Wis. Stats.
(a) POWERS AND DUTIES
The Board of Appeals:
(1) Shall hear and decide appeals where it is alleged there is error in any order, requirement, decision or
determination made by an administrative official in the enforcement or administration of this ordinance.
(2) Shall hear and decide applications for conditional use permits.
(3) May authorize upon appeal a variance from the dimensional standards of this ordinance where an applicant
(a) That literal enforcement of the terms of the ordinance will result in unnecessary hardship for the applicant.
(b) That the hardship is due to special conditions unique to the property; and is not self created or based solely on
economic gain or loss;
(c) That such variance is not contrary to the public interest as expressed by the purpose of this ordinance and;
(d) That such variance will not grant or increase any use of property which is prohibited in the zoning district.
(2) APPEALS TO THE BOARD
Appeals to the Board of Appeals may be taken by any person aggrieved or by an officer, department, board or
bureau of the community affected by any order, requirement, decision, or determination of the zoning
administrator or other administrative official. Such appeals shall be taken within a reasonable time, as provided by
the rules of the Board by filing with the official whose decision is in question, and with the Board of Appeals, a
notice of appeal specifying the reasons for the appeal. The zoning administrator or other official whose decision is
in question shall transmit to the Board all the papers constituting the record on the matter appealed.
(3) PUBLIC HEARINGS
(a) Before making a decision on an appeal or application, the Board of Appeals shall, within a reasonable period of
time, hold a public hearing. The Board shall give public notice of the hearing by posting notice in three public places
under ch. 985.02(2), Stats., specifying the date, time and place of the hearing and the matters to come before the
Board. At the public hearing, any party may present testimony in person, by agent or by attorney.
(b) A copy of such notice shall be mailed to the parties in interest and the appropriate district office of the
Department at least 10 days prior to all public hearings on issues involving shoreland wetland zoning.
(a) The final disposition of an appeal or application for a conditional use permit before the Board of Appeals shall
be in the form of a written decision, made within a reasonable time after the public hearing and signed by the Board
chairperson. Such decision shall state the specific facts which are the basis of the Board's determination and shall
either affirm, reverse, or modify the order, requirement, decision or determination appealed, in whole or in part,
dismiss the appeal for lack of jurisdiction or prosecution, or grant the application for a conditional use.
(b) A copy of such decision shall be mailed to the parties in interest and the appropriate district office of the
Department within 10 days after the decision is issued.
11.06 AMENDING SHORELAND WETLAND ZONING REGULATIONS
(1) The municipal governing body may alter, supplement or change the district boundaries and the regulations
contained in this ordinance in accordance with the requirements of section 62.23(7)(d)2., Wis. Stats., NR 117, Wis.
Adm. Code, and the following:
(a) A copy of each proposed text or map amendment shall be submitted to the appropriate district office of the
Department within 5 days of the submission of the proposed amendment to the municipal planning agency;
(b) All proposed text and map amendments to the shoreland wetland zoning regulations shall be referred to the
Planning Commission, and a public hearing shall be held after posting notice in three public places two weeks in
advance of the hearing date. The appropriate district office of the Department shall be provided with written notice
of the public hearing at least 10 days prior to such hearing.
(c) In order to insure that this ordinance will remain consistent with the shoreland protection objectives of section
281.31, Wis. Stats., the municipal governing body may not rezone a wetland in a shoreland wetland
zoning district, or any portion thereof, where the proposed rezoning may result in a significant adverse impact
upon any of the following wetland functions:
(1) Storm and flood water storage capacity;
(2) Maintenance of dry season stream flow or the discharge of groundwater to a wetland, the recharge of
groundwater from a wetland to another area or the flow of groundwater through a wetland;
(3) Filtering or storage of sediments, nutrients, heavy metals or organic compounds that would otherwise drain into
(4) Shoreline protection against erosion;
(5) Fish spawning, breeding, nursery or feeding grounds;
(6) Wildlife habitat; or
(7) Areas of special recreational, scenic or scientific interest, including scarce wetland types and habitat of
(4) Where the district office of the Department determines that a proposed rezoning may have a significant
adverse impact upon any of the criteria listed in section 11.06(1)(c), of this ordinance, the Department shall so
notify the municipality of its determination either prior to or during the public hearing held on the proposed
(5) The appropriate district office of the Department shall be provided with:
(a) A copy of the recommendation and report, if any, of the municipal planning agency on a proposed text or map
amendment, within 10 days after the submission of those recommendations to the municipal governing body.
(a) Written notice of the action on the proposed text or map amendment within 10 days after the action is taken.
(6) If the Department notifies the municipal planning agency in writing that a proposed amendment may have a
significant adverse impact upon any of the criteria listed in section 11.06(1)(c), of this ordinance, that proposed
amendment, if approved by the municipal governing body, shall not become effective until more than 30 days have
elapsed since written notice of the municipal approval was mailed to the Department, as required by section
11.06(1)(e)(2)) of this ordinance. If within the 30 day period, the Department notifies the municipality that the
Department intends to adopt a superseding shoreland wetland zoning ordinance for the municipality as provided by
sections 62.231(6) and 61.351(6), Wis. Stats., the proposed amendment shall not become effective until the
ordinance adoption procedure under section 62.231(6) or 61.351(6), Wis. Stats., is completed or otherwise
11.07 ENFORCEMENT AND PENALTIES
Any development, building or structure or accessory building or structure constructed, altered, added to, modified,
rebuilt or replaced or any use or accessory use established after the effective date of this ordinance in violation of
the provisions of this ordinance, by any person, firm, association, corporation (including building contractors or
their agents) shall be deemed a violation. The zoning administrator shall refer violations to the municipal attorney
who shall prosecute such violations. Any person, firm, association, or corporation who violates or refuses to comply
with any of the provisions of this ordinance shall be subject to a forfeiture of not less than $50 nor more than $200
per offense, together with the taxable costs of such action. Each day of continued violation shall constitute a
separate offense. Every violation of this ordinance is a public nuisance and the creation thereof may be enjoined
and the maintenance thereof may be abated by action at suit of the municipality, the state, or any citizen thereof
pursuant to section 13.04.
(1) For the purpose of administering and enforcing this ordinance, the terms or words used herein shall be
interpreted as follows: Words used in the present tense include the future; words in the singular number include the
plural number; words in the plural number include the singular number. The word "shall" is mandatory, not
permissive. All distances unless otherwise specified, shall be measured horizontally.
(2) The following terms used in this ordinance mean:
(a) "Accessory structure or use" means a detached subordinate structure or a use which is clearly incidental to,
and customarily found in connection with, the principle structure or use to which it is related and which is located
on the same lot as that of the principle structure or use.
(b) "Boathouse" as defined in section 30.01(1d), Wis. Stats., means a permanent structure used for the storage of
watercraft and associated materials and includes all structures which are totally enclosed, have roofs or walls or
any combination of structural parts.
(c) "Class 2 public notice" means publication of a public hearing notice under chapter 985, Wis. Stats., in a
newspaper of circulation in the affected area. Publication is required on two consecutive weeks, the last at least
seven days prior to the hearing.
(d) "Conditional use" means a use which is permitted by this ordinance provided that certain conditions specified in
the ordinance are met and that a permit is granted by the Board of Appeals or, where appropriate, the planning
agency designated by the municipal governing body.
(e) "Department" means the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.
(f) "Development" means any man made change to improved or unimproved real estate, including, but not limited
to, the construction of buildings, structures or accessory structures; the construction of additions or substantial
alterations to buildings, structures or accessory structures; the placement of buildings or structures; ditching,
lagooning, dredging, filling, grading, paving, excavation or drilling operations; and the deposition or extraction of
(g) "Drainage system" means one or more artificial ditches, tile drains or similar devices which collect surface
runoff or groundwater and convey it to a point of discharge.
(h) "Environmental control facility" means any facility, temporary or permanent, which is reasonably expected to
abate, reduce or aid in the prevention, measurement, control or monitoring of noise, air or water pollutants, solid
waste and thermal pollution, radiation or other pollutants, including facilities installed principally to supplement or
to replace existing property or equipment not meeting or allegedly not meeting acceptable pollution control
standards or which are to be supplemented or replaced by other pollution control facilities.
(i) "Fixed houseboat" as defined in section 30.01(1r), Wis. Stats., means a structure not actually used for
navigation which extends beyond the ordinary high water mark of a navigable waterway and is retained in place
either by cables to the shoreline or by anchors or spudpoles attached to the bed of the waterway.
(j) "Navigable waters" means Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, all natural inland lakes within Wisconsin, and all
streams, ponds, sloughs, flowages and other waters within the territorial limits of this state, including the Wisconsin
portion of boundary waters, which are navigable under the laws of this state. Under section 281.31(2)(d), Wis.
Stats., not withstanding any other provision of law or administrative rule promulgated there under, shoreland
ordinances required under sections 61.351 or 62.231, Wis. Stats., and chapter NR 117, Wis. Adm. Code, do not apply
to lands adjacent to farm drainage ditches if;
(1) Such lands are not adjacent to a natural navigable stream or river;
(2) Those parts of such drainage ditches adjacent to such lands were not navigable streams before ditching; and
(3) Such lands are maintained in nonstructural agricultural use.
"Wisconsin's Supreme Court has declared navigable bodies of water that have a bed differentiated from adjacent
uplands and levels or flow sufficient to support navigation by a recreational craft of the
shallowest draft on an annually recurring basis [Muench v. Public Service Commission, 261 Wis. 492 (1952) and
DeGaynor and Co., Inc., v. Department of Natural Resources, 70 Wis. 2d 936 (1975)]. For example, a stream which
is navigable by skiff or canoe during normal spring high water is navigable, in fact, under the laws of this state
though it may be dry during other seasons."
(k) "Ordinary high-water mark" means the point on the bank or shore up to which the presence and action of
surface water is so continuous as to leave a distinctive mark such as by erosion, destruction or prevention of
terrestrial vegetation, predominance of aquatic vegetation, or other easily recognized characteristic.
(l) "Planning agency" means the municipal plan commission created under section 62.23(1), Wis. Stats., a board of
public land commissioners or a committee of the municipality's governing body which acts on matters pertaining to
planning and zoning.
(m) "Shorelands" means lands within the following distances from the ordinary high-water mark of navigable
waters; 1,000 feet from a lake, pond or flowage; and 300 feet from a river or stream or to the landward side of the
floodplain, whichever distance is greater.
(n) "Shoreland wetland district" means the zoning district, created in this shoreland wetland zoning ordinance,
comprised of shorelands that are designated as wetlands on the wetlands inventory maps which have been adopted
and made a part of this ordinance.
(o) "Unnecessary hardship" means that circumstance where special conditions, which were not self created, affect
a particular property and make strict conformity with restrictions governing area, setbacks, frontage height or
density unnecessarily burdensome or unreasonable in light of the purposes of this ordinance.
(p) "Variance" means an authorization granted by the Board of Appeals to construct or alter a building or structure
in a manner that deviates from the dimensional standards of this ordinance.
(q) "Wetlands" means those areas where water is at, near or above the land surface long enough to support
aquatic or hydrophytic vegetation and which have soils indicative of wet conditions.
(r) "Wetland alteration" means any filling, flooding, draining, dredging, ditching, tiling, excavating, temporary
water level stabilization measures or dike and dam construction in a wetland area.
Ferryville Ordinance Chapter 11B