VILLAGE OF FERRYVILLE
AMENDED MAY 19, 2010
AMENDED MAY 1, 2022
CHAIR PERSON: Gloria Moore
TABLE OF CONTENTS
CHAPTER NUMBER TITLE PAGES
1 ISSUES AND OPPORTUNITIES
4 UTILITIES AND COMMUNITY FACILITIES
5 AGRICULTURE, NATURAL, AND CULTURAL RESOURCES
6 ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
7 INTERGOVERNMENTAL COOPERATION
8 LAND USE
FIGURE NUMBER TITLE
1 EXTRATERRITORIAL AREA, ROADS
2 STREETS AND ROADS
3 (Not used)
4 2005 MASTER PLAN MAP
5 FEMA FIRM (Flood Insurance Rate Maps)
6 LAND USE, FLOOD PLAINS, NATURAL AREAS, LANDSCAPES
6-A SUGAR RIVER VALLEY CONSERVANCY LANDS, FLOOD PLAIN, LAND USE
7 SOILS MAP
1 - ISSUES AND OPPORTUNITIES
1.1 CHAPTER INTRODUCTION
The purpose of this section is to provide basic background information for the
comprehensive planning process and general demographic characteristics for the
Village of Ferryville. More specifically, this section includes information from the
original community survey and visioning sessions. Community profile and projection
data including population trends, age distribution, and population projections, have
been updated. It is important to note in this introduction, that where maps are
required per state statute, individual sections make reference to certain identified
maps in other sections. Also, the general goals and objectives listed below are
considered to cover all sections of this plan and may be supplemented with additional
goals and objectives in individual sections.
Protect and improve the health, safety, and welfare, preserve, and enhance the
quality of life, and protect, and preserve the character of the community. Control the
future development of Ferryville in an orderly fashion, per the requirements of this
plan and local ordinances. Being aware that all decisions have a possible effect on
1.3 OBJECTIVES AND POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS
The following are the overall issues, objectives, and policy recommendations for the
Village of Ferryville. The essence of these recommendations is reflected throughout
the entire document. The existing 2010 Comprehensive Plan shall serve as
background and reference. Its requirements or proposals also shall be considered
part of this Comprehensive Plan update as applicable or relevant.
1. Protect and improve the health, safety, and welfare of the community. Preserving
and enhancing the quality of life.
2. Protect and preserve the community character.
3. Provide suitable facilities for the continued operation of Village government.
4. Control the future development of Ferryville in an orderly fashion, per the
requirements of this plan and local ordinances.
5. Be aware that all decisions have a possible effect on taxes.
Under the Comprehensive Planning legislation, adopted by the state in October of
1999, beginning on January 1, 2010, if a local governmental unit engages in any of
the actions listed below, those actions shall be consistent with that local
governmental unit's Comprehensive Plan.
1. Official Mapping
2. Local Subdivision Regulations
3. Village Zoning Ordinances
4. Zoning of Shorelands, Wetlands, and Flood Plains.
1.4.1 GENERAL VILLAGE HISTORY
Ferryville has a history that can be termed typical of river towns along the Mississippi
River, with fishing, farming and limited industry. One important factor in this Village is
the proximity to the Mississippi River, where recreational activities are an attraction
for residents and visitors alike. There are four relatively different topographical
areas of interest in developing plans for the future. These are: the "Downtown"
area along the Mississippi River, straddling Highway 35; the Sugar Creek Valley in the
southeast part of town; the ridge-top area, former farmland, developed as Eagle
Mountain Subdivision, some 460 feet above the Highway 35 area; and the lower
elevation areas, immediately alongside the Mississippi River are within the flood plain
(the general limits of this flood plain are shown on the map, Figure Numbers 6 &6A
and Figure Numbers 5, 5A, 5B &5C, 2010-2015, FEMA FIRM maps). The Village of
Ferryville has adopted an ordinance, "Combined Flood Plain and Shoreland-Wetland
Zoning Ordinance" in Chapter 11 of the ordinances as recommended by Wisconsin.
Early development was adjacent to the river and the railroad. Highway 35 is the
main "street" in this area. A few small streets project off this thoroughfare. One plat
is located a block from Highway 35, Maple Street at the south part of the Village.
Early platting also included the lowland in the flood plain of the Mississippi. However,
the development of the river for barge traffic in 1928 included dam construction that
flooded those lowlands. No development took place on the bluffs overlooking the
river, other than farming (within the Village Limits).
The population varies from older, retired persons to younger families. Populations in
the categories 0-17, 18-64 and 65+ have stayed relatively stable when comparing
the 2020 US census to the 2010 US census. Population has varied from 227 in 1980,
154 in 1990, 174 in 2000 and according to the most recent information from the US
Census Bureau, 191 in 2020. With the increased number of housing units expected in
subdivisions, the future population is likely to be somewhat above 200. It is unlikely
that a significant increase in population will take place in the future without
annexation of adjacent land in the Town of Freeman. It also is unlikely that an
increase of significance will take place in employment opportunities within the Village
due to very limited space for potential industry or commercial facilities. Income levels
are unlikely to increase, since the larger expected retirement population is likely to
be on fixed income. Increased educational opportunities are available elsewhere to
students in the community.
Water supply in the past and at present is by individual private water supply wells.
No municipal water supply is present.
The areas near the Mississippi River are served by a sewer system feeding a
treatment facility consisting of lagoons. Parts of the system range between 30 to 50
years old. The Eagle Mountain area and scattered housing in the Sugar Creek Valley
are not served by this municipal sanitary sewer, but by private septic fields and
holding tanks. Electric power is provided by Alliant Energy and Scenic Rivers Energy.
Telephone, cable, and internet are provided by a number of carriers. There is no city
gas service; instead, private propane tanks serve the heating needs.
Level land is very scarce and therefore most of the original development has been
placed along the steep hillside, alongside the railroad on present Highway 35.
Changes in these areas will involve strong consideration of the severe topographical
limitations. The opportunity to develop off-street parking in the downtown area is
severely limited by the steep topography. Likewise, development of platted lots on
the steep hillside is not likely to occur in the future. The Sugar Creek Valley areas,
above flood plain, and ridge tops now in woods could be developed for building and
other purposes, as the main opportunity for increased residential areas within the
Many of the housing and commercial units are quite old. In the year 2005, Ferryville
adopted the Wisconsin Uniform Dwelling Code and all new and major remodeling
building jobs must conform to that code. Older buildings are grandfathered in, but
major modifications must meet the code.
In the 1950s, Village officials annexed or included in the corporate boundaries,
considerable land away from the Mississippi River where considerably less steep land
is present. One part of this area, at the top of the river bluffs, is the Eagle Mountain
Subdivision, a residential development started in the 1990s, that is still experiencing
added housing units, regulated by restrictions in Village ordinances, as well as
land-use covenants. A considerable part of that area is gently rolling on the ridge
top. The Stelter Valley Subdivision is located in a valley facing the Mississippi River.
Steeper parts of the remaining undeveloped higher elevation areas and lower,
gently rolling land of the Sugar Creek Valley, are areas where future uses and
developments are most likely. Within the Village limits, some areas are now devoted
to the Mississippi Valley Conservancy and the Bureau of Aeronautics wetland
development programs. Therefore, the undeveloped land within the Village is quite
small and is not considered a significant area for growth.
Beyond the current Village limits, most of the areas in nearby Town of Freeman are
either wooded or in agriculture use. Topography varies from hilly higher elevations
as well as some lesser area as valley country. Some of this extraterritorial area
currently is devoted to Mississippi Valley Conservancy programs. One subdivision has
been developed within the extraterritorial limits off of North Buck Creek Road and
numerous individual lots have been taken out of agricultural and other uses with
relatively new houses then being built. Therefore, with the cooperation of the Town
of Freeman, there is the opportunity for the Village of Ferryville to have an influence
in such developments within the 1.5-mile extraterritorial limits.
1.5 PLANNING AREA
Refer to Figure Number 1 for a map of the planning area considered during this
comprehensive planning update. This map shows the Village of Ferryville with the
Mississippi River on the southwest and the Township of Freeman to the northeast.
The 1.5-mile extraterritorial jurisdiction beyond the Village limits is also indicated.
Also, refer to Figure Number 2 which is the current Village of Ferryville street map.
Figure Number 4 is the Master Plan map that was revised in 2021. Figure Number 6A
has also been updated and can be used to guide future zoning regulations.
The Village of Ferryville and the Town of Freeman may work together according to
Wis. Statue 62.23 (7a). Class 4 municipalities have extraterritorial jurisdiction to the
area 1.5 miles outside of the corporate limits. During the course of this plan, this
area shall be considered as part of the planning area.
1.6 PUBLIC PARTICIPATION PLAN
As part of the Comprehensive Planning legislation, every community must develop a
public participation plan at the beginning of the planning process. The purpose of the
public participation plan is to outline procedures for public involvement during every
stage of the planning process. Such a plan for public participation is a separate
document, entitled "Guidelines for Comprehensive Plan", adopted by the Village Plan
Commission with Resolution Number 2022-001, dated 1-6-2022.
1.7 COMMUNITY SURVEY
Two community surveys were conducted in early 2008 and 2009. Strong
consideration of the survey results was utilized and provided general background for
many of the goals and objectives covered in the 2010 Comprehensive Plan. New
surveys were not conducted for this update, but are strongly encouraged for the
2032 Comprehensive Plan update.
Each of these surveys generally emphasized improving the quality of life related to
the recreational possibilities here as well as cleaning up and improving existing
facilities, such as parks and tourist attractions. The surveys downplayed the need for
1.8 COMMUNITY PROFILE AND PROJECTION
See section 1.4.1 for community background. The labor force projections portion of
the plan requirements is rather difficult to detail. The reason for this is the
community has been gradually changing from one of growing families to one of older
people. Many individuals who have moved to the Village for retirement have no plans
of working. US census data for 2010 and 2020 show that while the number of
working age people, 18-65, in Ferryville, has remained stable at approximately 50%
the percentage of employed individuals, in this age group, is declining. Thus, the
future labor force may diminish with time.
1.9 COMMUNITY VISION
A vision statement identifies where an organization (the Village of Ferryville) intends
to be in the future and how to best meet the future needs of its stakeholder citizens.
The Village of Ferryville Plan Commission utilized the 2008-2009 survey information
and the public input during the 2010 plan development to create a formal vision
Our vision is:
1. Create a place where people want to live and build a better future. High in priority
is the improvement of tourist and outdoor activities.
2. That the recreational opportunities of our unique location can be enjoyed by many
and therefore will be utilized to bring business to our community.
3. To promote our businesses and attract new ones to our area.
4. To maintain and promote our historical sites.
5. To continue to enhance our Village parks and our beautiful setting alongside the
6. Encourage property owners to improve the overall appearance of Ferryville.
7. To preserve and create a small-town atmosphere with community involvement.
8. To advocate for diversified and cost-efficient services like cable TV and Internet.
To offer diversified and cost-efficient services like sewer, garbage/recycling and
keep our Village streets maintained.
9. To continue updating and improving public services such as EMS and the Fire
Department. Continue cooperation with the Crawford County Sheriff's department,
10. To continue to promote our Village spring and fall clean-up.
11. To promote outdoor activities such as biking, walking, and fishing, etc. Promote
all recreational opportunities of the area.
12. To encourage the participation in government operations by volunteers,
especially those with expertise in fields where their input will assist Village
employees and Board Members in their duties.
13. To protect and foster our natural resources such as the Conservancy Areas,
Rush Creek and Sugar Creek recreational areas and the Mississippi River.
14. To consider the tax impact of all activities and developments on the taxpayers of
Ferryville, with emphasis on keeping taxes as low as possible. The Village will pursue
economic help from State and Federal agencies to assist us in the expenses of
operation and improvements. We also will endeavor to obtain outside financial and
administrative help in achieving these goals.
15. To periodically review implementing zoning ordinances and enforce them to
improve the safety, welfare, home values and appearance of the Village.
1.10 ISSUES AND OPPORTUNITIES - AGENCIES AND PROGRAMS
Throughout each chapter of this comprehensive plan proposed programs or changes
may be aided by state and federal agencies. Many of these agencies and programs
can provide expertise or funding to help implement some of the recommendations of
this comprehensive plan.
It is not our intent to list any of these agencies here since that list is ever changing.
An example of such help was the 2008 development of the River View Park,
between Highway 35 (Main Street) and the BNSF Railroad. That improvement was
only possible via the Federal Scenic By-ways program and the Wisconsin grants.
More recently, FEMA and WEM funded 87% of Ferryville's, 2020, lagoon pond
2 - HOUSING
2.1 CHAPTER INTRODUCTION
Housing is a necessity of life and an important part of the Comprehensive Plan
process. The purpose of this section is to assess the current housing stock in the
Village of Ferryville and to identify policies and programs that will help meet existing
and forecasted housing demand. The housing stock assessment includes the age,
value, and type of existing housing units; as well as occupancy characteristics such
as tenure (owner occupied vs. renter occupied), and affordability.
Housing data in this document came from the 2021 U.S. Census Bureau surveys.
The Village is divided into two general areas of significantly differing characteristics:
the "downtown area" and the Eagle Mountain Subdivision.
See Figure Number 4, the 2021 Master Plan map of the Village, with designated
areas for suggested zoning classes as well as identifying the main residential areas
of the Village.
Create a safe, livable Village by enforcing Village Ordinances and State Building
Codes, enhancing community health, safety, and welfare. Investigate potential
areas for housing expansion and development, most likely in the extraterritorial
2.3 OBJECTIVES AND POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS
The following are the Housing objectives and policy recommendations (not in order
of priority) that support the housing decisions in Ferryville over the next 10 years.
1. The Village promotes property maintenance standards to ensure a quality living
environment within residential areas by enforcing the Wisconsin Uniform Dwelling
2. Identify areas and designate land for future housing developments.
3. The Village will encourage contiguous development patterns that preserve and
expand upon existing neighborhoods.
4. Any development in the Village area would have to follow future residential and
commercial zoning ordinances. Building in the extraterritorial areas will require the
Town of Freeman and the Village of Ferryville conformance with the Wisconsin
statue 62.23 (7a). The summary of previous surveys from residents indicate zoning
is recommended, generally applying to housing.
5. Where and when appropriate, the Village will utilize county, state and federal
programs or grants to maintain existing housing or to support the construction of
future housing, including single family.
6. The Village will remain open to proposed multi-family apartment buildings, senior
housing, and special needs housing.
7. Create standardized lot sizes for new residential development.
8. All residential developments must be approved by the Village Plan Commission.
9. Encourage the use of conservation neighborhood design strategies for rural
residential development in appropriate areas.
2.4 HOUSING CHARACTERISTICS
The Village housing is typical of older farm communities, but these areas are limited
in expansion by topography. As a result, there is limited opportunity for new housing
in the downtown area. The Eagle Mountain subdivision and the Stelter Valley
subdivision are the main places where new housing would be expected. However,
there the lot sizes are predetermined with at least one acre and up to ten or more
acres per residential unit. Housing units in 1980 were 119, in 1990 there were 95, in
2000 there were 149, and in 2020 there were 155.
The downtown area of the Village, straddling Highway 35, Main Street, near the
Mississippi River contains mostly older housing units, both conventional homes as
well as several mobile homes.
A small number of apartments are located above or within commercial
establishments in the downtown area.
With time, a number of homes in the downtown area will be either upgraded or
replaced with more modern structures meeting current building codes.
Subdivisions are being developed with housing units that meet current building
codes. Currently, Ferryville has no, strictly, senior housing units.
The main area in need of housing upgrading is along Highway 35, the older
downtown developed area.
Since Ferryville now is under the Wisconsin Uniform Dwelling Code requirements, it
would be expected that this requirement alone will help to gradually improve the
quality of housing in the future.
2.5 OCCUPANCY CHARACTERISTICS
The general types of housing characteristics are different when comparing the older
downtown area to the Eagle Mountain Subdivision. Of the housing units in the
downtown section of Village of Ferryville in 2009, most were owner-occupied, a few
were renter-occupied, and almost none were vacant. This correlates with a decline
in rural rental units throughout the county into the 2000's.
In the Eagle Mountain Subdivision, the housing is all new since 1990. Approximately
2/3 of the units in 2021 were single-family homes, fully occupied, year-round. The
other third occupied on occasion as second vacation homes. Four homes are rented
out as weekly vacation homes.
2.6 AGE AND CONDITION CHARACTERISTICS
Of the Village of Ferryville's downtown housing units, about 7/8 were built before
1970, and about half of those were built before 1940.
All Eagle Mountain and Stelter subdivision houses are less than 32 years old.
2.7 STRUCTURAL CHARACTERISTICS
Many housing units in Ferryville do not meet current building codes. Any remodeling
under the current Uniform Dwelling Code is expected to rectify many of the
2.8 VALUE CHARACTERISTICS
The Division of State and Local Finance and Equalization Bureau has given Ferryville
a first notice of noncompliance. State law requires a full value assessment, requiring
a taxation district to assess property at full value at least once every five years. To
meet this requirement the total assessed value of each major class must be between
90% and 110% of full value. The Village of Ferryville has been out of compliance for
four consecutive years, which does not meet the statutory requirement. If the
assessed value of each major class of property (residential) is not within 10% of the
full value in 2022, the taxation district will not be in compliance with state law
(sec.70.05) (5)(d), (Wis. Stats.), and DOR will issue a second notice of
noncompliance. If compliance is not achieved in 2023, the DOR will order "special
supervision" of the following year's assessment for the taxation district.
2.9 HOUSING AFFORDABILITY CHARACTERISTICS
Housing is considered affordable when the owner or renter's monthly costs do not
exceed 30% of their total gross monthly income. A low percentage of rental units is
present in Ferryville, with the bulk of the owner-residents being retired or near
2.10 HOMEOWNER ASSISTANCE
Home ownership assistance programs in Crawford County are administered by a
number of state, federal, and private agencies. To find out specific information, or
which program fits your needs, contact them directly.
Couleecap, a non-profit funded by federal, state and private donations also provides
various homeownership and home rehabilitation programs to Crawford County
residents. They also provide vouchers, security deposits, first month's rent and
eviction protection assistance. Individuals/families must be homeless or in danger of
being evicted for lack of rent payment, and must show a temporary decrease in
household income and the ability to maintain payments beyond assistance. Eligible
participants must meet income eligibility guidelines of at or below 30% - 50% of the
County Median Income in order to qualify for assistance. Funds for this program are
provided by the State of Wisconsin Bureau of Supportive Housing, and types of
assistance vary by county.
Catholic Charities St. Lawrence Community Services Program
This program focuses on financial education and building budget skills so households
can become self-sustaining and financially independent. Rental assistance is
considered during the case management process.
For first time home buyers
No Equity Home Improvement Loan
Low interest loans for first time homebuyers, zero down payment, subsidized and
2.11 RENTAL ASSISTANCE
Allegiant Property Management processes section 8 voucher (HUD) rental
assistance, for very low-income individuals in Crawford County.
2.12 AFFORDABLE SENIOR HOUSING
There is currently no, strictly, senior housing in Ferryville. The demand for these
types of units is increasing due to increased aging of the population.
2.13 OTHER HOUSING PROGRAMS
Due to the limited available area within Ferryville, large scale housing programs are
not feasible. In the outlying areas of the extraterritorial limits, the expected housing
will be on large lots in privately financed subdivisions. Residents previously surveyed
did not wish for low-income housing that would be financed by government
However, due to the many residential units showing disrepair, public programs to
assist those homeowners to upgrade are encouraged.
2.14 MOBILE HOMES
Mobile homes are not allowed in the Eagle Mountain subdivision by ordinance, as well
as covenants. "No mobile homes shall be located, used or occupied as a residence by
any person at any place in the Village of Ferryville, with the exception of some
grandfathered in properties." (Ordinance 12.02)
Combined Flood Plain and Shoreland-Wetland Zoning Ordinance should be applied to
all units, including conventional housing, in the Flood Plain areas, since building units
are easily damaged or destroyed by floods.
2.15 GARAGES AS LIVING UNITS
This situation comes about where the owner may wish to build a garage first before
building a living unit. In some cases, the owner uses the garage as a temporary living
area before he builds his house. While the application for building permits asks if the
garage will be used for a living situation, many homeowners have indicated "no" in
the application, then the building is used for at least intermittent living quarters. The
placement of camping trailers in the building has been done also.
The recommendations of the Plan Commission on these matters should consider the
need for some temporary living, storage, or work area before and during house
construction, but also consider the detrimental effect of allowing structures to be
turned into long term permanent living areas. Specifically, the Wisconsin Uniform
Building Code then must be applied to any structure used as a living area and
penalties should be assessed per an applicable ordinance.
2.16 NEW SUBDIVISIONS
The available area for new subdivisions is severely limited within the Village limits.
Therefore, it is unlikely that any significant increase in numbers of housing units can
occur. Therefore, the subdivision ordinance should be written to allow for the
smallest lot size that is practical and safe from a fire protection and livability
The use of clustered housing (Smart Growth) in new subdivisions, also should be
encouraged in the remaining undeveloped areas of Ferryville.
In the extraterritorial areas, the new subdivisions likely to be sited can allow larger
lot areas, and decisions as to lot sizes require cooperation between the Village of
Ferryville and the Town of Freeman. It is the recommendation of the Ferryville Plan
Commission that the extraterritorial lot sizes be at least a half-acre and preferably
2.17 OUTSIDE SUPPORT FOR UPGRADING OF HOMES
Efforts should be ongoing to provide, low and moderate income, homeowners with
information on available programs assisting with the expenses of upgrading older
homes. See 2.10
While the general summaries of the previous community surveys showed opposition
to zoning, the bulk of the comments asking for improvements cannot be
accomplished without zoning. Therefore, zoning for the entire Village area has been
recommended to concentrate on maintaining and upgrading the quality of housing.
Such zoning should be written to avoid placing restrictions on the uses of the
individual's properties, but more on the quality of housing and safety, such as fire
3 - TRANSPORTATION
3.1 CHAPTER INTRODUCTION
A community's transportation infrastructure supports the varied needs of its
residents, local businesses, visitors, and through-traffic. The Transportation Chapter
summarizes the local transportation system based on local input. A Wisconsin DOT
required 5-year plan can serve as a resource guide and implementation tool.
1. Encouragement of neighborhood designs that support a range of transportation
2. Provide an integrated, efficient, and economical transportation system that
affords mobility, convenience, safety, affordability, and meets the needs of all
citizens, including transit-dependent and disabled citizens.
3.3 OBJECTIVES AND POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS
The Village of Ferryville's transportation objectives and policy recommendations (not
in order of priority) support the aforementioned goals and will guide transportation
decisions over the next 10 years.
1. New roads and driveways shall follow all guidelines set up by the DOT and the
Village of Ferryville will enforce this. This will ensure emergency services would be
able to get to all homes and businesses.
2. Any new roads are to be paved in compliance with current Village ordinances and
evaluated yearly using the PASER (Pavement Surface Evaluation and Rating)
program for prioritizing street improvements.
3. Any new roads to property and new driveways will be the responsibility of the
property owner for the construction and cost, unless that becomes a Village Street,
in which case, upkeep would become the Village's. (This upon acceptance of the
Village Board). The guidelines for construction would be those of the Village of
Ferryville and DOT.
4. Dead-end or cul-de-sac roads should provide ample space for emergency
5. Explore the creation of a Park-N-Ride lot in the Village Park.
6. Encourage the development and maintenance of recreational trails.
7. Continue to maintain a transportation plan and road improvement tracking along
the guidelines of the WISLR software.
8. Continue to support the SMRT (Scenic Mississippi Regional Transit) bus service
and pick up/drop off site at the Village Hall. The SMRT bus is a commuter bus
system. The red, blue and yellow routes provide connections to Prairie du Chein, La
Crosse, Viroqua, and additional cities and villages in Crawford, Vernon, Monroe, and
La Crosse counties. The Green Route provides transportation from Tomah, Sparta,
and West Salem to La Crosse. The SMRT Bus operates Monday through Friday. A
one-way fare is $3. Exact fares (in cash) must be paid upon boarding the bus.
9. Encourage and support the Crawford County Sheriff's department to increase
patrols and enforcement of the 25-mile per hour speed restrictions on all village
roads including those in Eagle Mountain subdivision.
3.4 TRANSPORTATION INFRASTRUCTURE AND ISSUES
1. Transportation safety (including enforcement of 25 mph speed restrictions by the
Crawford County Sheriff's Department.)
2. Transportation to support economic development
3. Recreational transportation uses
5. Transportation needs of the elderly and disabled
The most satisfactory aspects of the community's transportation system, according
to the Plan Commission, are the Village's upkeep of its streets, such as seal coating,
road repairs when needed, snow removal, and tracking road conditions and need for
3.4.1 HIGHWAYS AND LOCAL STREETS
State Highway 35 serves Ferryville.
The Village of Ferryville, 2.5 square miles, has a total of 5.92 miles of streets, 1.02
miles of County Trunk Highways and 4.9 miles of local streets. See Figure Number 2.
3.4.2 FUNCTIONAL CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM
The transportation system is classified according to primary function, representing
very different purposes: 1) mobility and efficient travel, and 2) access to properties.
Simply put, when there are more access points, carrying capacity is reduced and
safety is compromised.
Ferryville has only two types of roads.
Minor collectors link local roads to higher capacity roads and other communities.
Local roads provide access to residential, commercial, and industrial development.
3.4.3 TRAFFIC COUNT
The 2019 traffic count on Highway 35, according to WISDOT, was 2600 vehicles on
7-16. This is a decline from 3900 vehicles in 2005. (This may be due, in part, to the
COVID-19 decline in travel during 2019.)
3.5 TRANSPORTATION USERS
This next section looks at transportation options for commuters, the elderly and
disabled, and those who do not drive. There are very few transportation services for
Ferryville. The Scenic Mississippi Regional Transit (SMRT) bus system provides some
service to Prairie du Chien, La Crosse, and other communities.
3.5.2 WORK CARPOOLING
The majority of commuters drive alone. The Village of Ferryville may be interested in
further supporting carpooling through the creation of a formal or informal
Park-N-Ride facility. Residents of Ferryville have an average commute time of 44.4
minutes and drive alone to work. Car ownership is approximately the same as the
national average, with an average of two cars per household.
3.5.3 TRANSPORTATION FACILITIES FOR THE ELDERLY AND DISABLED
Aging and Disability Resource Center (ADRC) has several vehicles available to senior
county residents (age 60 and over) for transportation to medical institutions.
The Plan Commission believes that the options for residents who do not drive are not
sufficient to meet current needs.
3.6 MODES OF TRANSPORTATION
3.6.1 RAIL FREIGHT
A Class One Railroad, the Burlington Northern Santa Fe (BNSF), follows the western
boundary of Ferryville. BNSF freight includes agricultural, consumer, and industrial
products, oil and coal. Fifty to sixty trains pass through Ferryville, in a 24-hour period
and do not provide any local service. The Plan Commission recommends that the
Village Board explore the option (POSSIBLY WITH GRANT FUNDING) of improving
the railroad crossing by adding a center barrier at Market Street, so the BNSF would
not would not have to blow the horn at the crossing. This would enhance the living
environment for those along WI 35, and the noise pollution throughout the entire
3.6.2 PASSENGER RAIL SERVICE
There is no rail passenger service in Ferryville. Amtrak is available in La Crosse,
which is 36 miles to the north.
The La Crosse Municipal Airport is located approximately 42 miles north of Ferryville.
The La Crosse Municipal Airport is designated as an air carrier/cargo airport
designed to accommodate all aircraft, and in some cases, wide body jets and military
3.6.4 WATER TRANSPORTATION
Ferryville does not have water transportation access. Prairie du Chien has a port and
is less than 25 miles south of Ferryville. Ferryville has a boat landing for recreational
and commercial fishing purposes. Boat launch fees are a source of income for the
According to a report by the Wisconsin Motor Carriers Association, trucks carry
94.9% of all manufactured freight transported in Wisconsin. More than 77% of all
Wisconsin communities are served exclusively by trucks.
Ferryville is served by State Highway 35.
3.6.6 TRANSPORTATION AND AGRICULTURE
Transportation is critical for agriculture, yet ag-related transportation needs and
impacts are often overlooked. Ag-related transportation operates on several scales,
ranging from moving machinery on the system of local roads, to moving commodities
both through and to larger communities, via truck.
3.6.7 BICYCLES AND PEDESTRIANS
Several bicycle corridors have been identified in the Ferryville area. Information on
these corridors can be found at: INFO@driftlesswisconsin.com
The Ferryville Loop is 44 miles.
3.7 TRANSPORTATION AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT
The Plan Commission indicated that the existing transportation infrastructure meets
the needs of the jurisdiction's economic development goals related to agriculture,
access to retail, commerce, shipping, and tourism.
3.8 MAINTENANCE AND IMPROVEMENTS
3.8.1 PLANNING FOR CAPITAL IMPROVEMENTS
The Plan Commission indicated that the Village of Ferryville has a Capital
Improvement Plan (CIP) for 2020-2026 that includes transportation-related
3.8.2 WISDOT SOUTHWEST REGION - PLANS AND PROJECTS
The WIDOT has announced a project to resurface the existing pavement between
Prairie du Chien and Ferryville, on Wis 35. It will also improve the slopes behind the
guard rail in spots, along with replacing guard rail as needed. Construction is
anticipated to start in 2025-2026
Thoughtful planning for continued growth needs to protect water quality, wildlife
habitats, and working farms. Sound management of transportation infrastructure
maintenance or expansion may include, de-icing procedures and salt reduction,
erosion control, stormwater management, and wetland mitigation (preservation,
creation, or restoration).
3.9 TRANSPORTATION PLANNING
3.9.1 LOCAL AND REGIONAL TRANSPORTATION PLANS
Crawford County currently uses the Crawford County Functional and Jurisdictional
4 - UTILITIES AND COMMUNITY FACILITIES
4.1 CHAPTER INTRODUCTION
The purpose of this section is to inventory, map, and forecast utilities and community
facilities in the Village of Ferryville. Utilities and community facilities, often referred to
as public works, is the physical infrastructure that allows a community to function
and grow. Community facilities may include libraries, municipal offices, schools, police
stations, fire stations, parks, etc. Many of the community facilities are supported by
utilities including water services, sewer system, storm water drainage, electricity,
To the extent possible, this chapter tries to forecast the future utility and community
facility needs of the Village of Ferryville; however, these needs will vary according to
growth pressure and the level of service that is deemed publicly acceptable. In
addition, when evaluating whether a utility or community facility will be able to meet
future needs it is assumed that some routine maintenance will be needed.
Provide adequate infrastructure public services and identify developable land to
meet existing and future market demand for residential, commercial, and light
4.3 OBJECTIVES AND POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS
The following are the Utilities and Community Facilities objectives and policy
recommendations (not in order of priority) that support the above goals and will
guide utility and community facility decisions in the jurisdiction over the next 10
1. The Village encourages development within the Village limits that are currently
served with utilities.
2. Discourage utility extensions into areas environmentally unsuitable to
development due to soils, flooding, or topography.
3. New development proposals will be examined for impact on public facilities before
issuing new development permits.
4. Maintain the existing utility and community facilities.
5. Maintain a Capital Improvements Program and review it annually.
6. Ensure new development bears a fair share of capital improvement cost
necessitated by the development.
7. Encourage well testing as a means of protecting drinking water supplies for
private individual well users.
8. When appropriate, utilize county, state, and federal programs and/or grants to
maintain, enhance, or pursue improving utility and community facilities.
9. Continue an openness to natural gas companies exploring expansion into our
10. Ferryville has no plans to supply municipal water, at this time, but remains open if
funding and necessity dictates.
4.4 PUBLIC UTILITIES AND COMMUNITY FACILITIES
4.4.1 SANITARY SEWER SERVICE
The Village of Ferryville sanitary sewer system serves the downtown residences and
businesses. It is a pond system constructed in 1970's with the help of grants. The
Village maintains a fund for maintenance and improvements. The system has
capacity for current residences and small businesses, plus some expansion, and
should serve the Village for the foreseeable future. The entire higher elevation
development at the Eagle Mountain Subdivision and the areas along CHT "C" do not
have sanitary sewer service and must currently depend on private septic systems.
In 2021, the lagoon ponds were restored with funding, in part, from FEMA and
Wisconsin Emergency Management.
The sanitary sewer system in the downtown area is leaking, allowing infiltration of
groundwater and adding to the load to be treated at the lagoons. Significant repairs
are required. Also, there are several sewage lift stations in the system. These are in
metal manholes, subject to corrosion. The pumps are old and frequently break
Ferryville's board has approved Makepeace Engineering to oversee the 2023-2024
Hwy.35 sewer main project.
4.4.2 STORMWATER MANAGEMENT
Stormwater management involves providing controlled release rates of runoff to
receiving systems, typically through detention and or retention facilities; a
management system can be a very simple series of natural drainageways or a
complex system of culverts, pipes, and drains. Either way, the purpose of the system
is to store and channel water to specific areas, diminishing the impact of non-point
In the area along Highway 35 where there are curbs, the stormwater is handled by
a series of inlets and underground storm sewer systems carrying the water to the
Mississippi river. The run-off from the higher land areas passes under the highways
via culverts. The Wisconsin DOT has decided that these Highway 35 buried facilities
are to be maintained by the Village.
Beginning in August 2004, any construction sites disturbing more than one acre of
land must get state permits and keep soil on their land during and after construction
(NR 151, 216). The threshold was lowered from five acres to one acre to comply
with new U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Phase 2 Storm Water Regulations.
The purpose of the regulation is to lower and control the amount of sedimentation
that reaches Wisconsin rivers and lakes. Refer to the WI DNR for more information.
Ferryville adopted an ordinance dealing mainly with land disturbance on areas of less
than one acre.
4.4.3 WATER SUPPLY
Drinking water for the residents of and businesses in the Village of Ferryville comes
from private wells.
Wells are safe, dependable sources of water if sited wisely and built correctly.
Wisconsin has had well regulations since 1936 and is still recognized as a national
leader in well protection. NR 812 Wisconsin's Administrative Code for Well
Construction and Pump Installation, is administered by the DNR. The Well Code is
based on the premise that if a well and water system is properly located,
constructed, installed, and maintained, the well should provide safe water
continuously without a need for treatment. Refer to the WI DOC, the Crawford
County Department of Zoning and Sanitation and Chapter 5, Agricultural, Natural,
and Cultural Resources for more information on water quality and well regulations.
4.4.4 SOLID WASTE DISPOSAL AND RECYCLING FACILITIES
The Village of Ferryville provides curbside pick-up of garbage and materials for
recycling. Garbage is picked-up weekly, and recycling materials collected once
bi-weekly. The current solid waste and recycling system is anticipated to meet the
needs of Village residents in the future. The Village offers clean-up days twice
There are no operating or closed landfills in the Village of Ferryville Refer to the WI
DNR, the Crawford County Department of Landfill, and the Department of Zoning
and Sanitation for more information on landfill regulations.
4.4.5 PARKS AND RECREATIONAL FACILITIES
Refer to Chapter 5, Agricultural, Natural, and Cultural Resources for information on
local park and recreation facilities. The Ferryville Vision and Promotion Board, a
group of volunteers, successfully raised $80,000 over a three-year period through
private donations, fundraisers and private grants to provide a beautiful new
playground for Sugar Creek Park in Ferryville. Additionally, the new flood proof
surface for children's safety was a significant part of this improvement. The
playground was gifted to the Village of Ferryville to enhance the quality of life for the
community and all the visitors who travel The Great River Road.
4.4.6 TELECOMMUNICATION AND TV CABLE FACILITIES
Ferryville is served by a number of private companies offering telephone, cable, and
4.4.7 POWER PLANTS AND TRANSMISSION LINES
Crawford County is part of the Alliant / Wisconsin Power and Light Company and the
Scenic Rivers Energy Cooperative, which serve areas of Southwestern Wisconsin.
The Alliant services include the area along and near Highway 35 from the Grandview
Motel south to Sugar Creek, along Highway C in the Village and in Freeman
Township, as well as the Eagle Mountain subdivision. Elsewhere, north of the
Grandview Motel, south of Sugar Creek and in the Town of Freeman the electric
service is provided by Scenic Rivers.
Refer to Chapter 5, Agricultural, Natural, and Cultural Resources for information on
4.4.9 POSTAL SERVICE
There is one US Post Office in the Village of Ferryville. It has reduced hours of
operation: 8:30 - 12:30, M - F and 8:30 - 9:30 on Saturday.
4.4.10 MUNICIPAL BUILDING
The Ferryville Village Hall serves as the meeting place for the Village Board and other
groups. The Ferryville First Responders and the Ferryville Fire Department also use
the facility. There is a limited usage addition at the rear for vehicle storage.
4.4.11 POLICE, FIRE, AND EMERGENCY SERVICES
The Crawford County Sheriff's Department provides police services. Fire and
Emergency Medical Services are provided by the Ferryville First Responders, as well
as the Ocooch Mountain EMS from Gays Mills. Fire protection is provided by the
Ferryville Volunteer Fire Department.
Other nearby communities share with Ferryville areas in need of the mutual aid help
4.4.12 LIBRARY FACILITIES
There is no library in the Village of Ferryville.
4.4.13 PRIMARY, SECONDARY, AND HIGHER EDUCATION FACILITIES
The DeSoto School District serves the Village of Ferryville.
4.4.14 CHILD CARE FACILITIES
There are no known licensed childcare facilities in Ferryville.
4.4.15 HEALTHCARE FACILITIES
There are no health care facilities in the Village of Ferryville.
4.4.16 CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT PROJECTS (CIP)
A CIP is a multi-year scheduling of physical public improvements based on the
examination of available fiscal resources, as well as the prioritization of such
improvements. Capital improvements are those that include new or expanded
physical facilities that are relatively large, expensive, and permanent. Street
improvements, public libraries, water and sewer lines, and park and recreation
facilities are common examples of capital improvements. The Village of Ferryville
currently has a CIP that will expire in 2026.?
5 - AGRICULTURAL, NATURAL, AND CULTURAL RESOURCES
5.1 AGRICULTURAL RESOURCES
The purpose of the Agricultural element is to present agricultural data and provide
direction for land use decisions impacting agriculture for the next 10 years.
The protection of economically productive areas, including farmland and forests.
5.1.3 OBJECTIVES AND POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS
The following agricultural resource objectives and policy recommendations (not in
order of priority) will guide agricultural resource decisions in the Village of Ferryville
over the next 10 years.
1. Preserve the rural character of our community.
2. Encourage the preservation and maintenance of our rural views and vistas.
3. Encourage residential, commercial, and light industrial development to areas least
suited for agricultural purposes.
4. Co-exist with farmland to ensure safe water and avoid runoff for safe drinking
water for our future.
5.1.4 AGRICULTURAL ECONOMY
At this time, only seven properties, located within the village limits, are classified as
5.1.5 AGRICULTURAL INFRASTRUCTURE
At this time, Ferryville does not have any agriculture related infrastructure.
5.1.6 PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS
Attached is the soils map, Figure Number 7, for the Village of Ferryville. The soil
series mapped vary from Dubuque (Du) to Fayette (Fa) on the ridge tops and
Medary (Md) on the river terraces, with generally the bluff sides mapped as Steep
Stoney and Rocky land (St). In the ridge tops the less steep land has a wind-blown
clay-silt deposit several feet thick over rock, generally sufficient thickness to permit
seepage fields for septic tanks.
Usability of the land depends significantly on the slopes. A significant portion of
Ferryville is steeply sloping so that development is difficult there.
The Village of Ferryville can work with the Town of Freeman and Crawford County
to support appropriate agricultural activities.
5.2 NATURAL RESOURCES
Protection of natural areas, including wetlands, wildlife habitats, lakes, woodlands,
open spaces, and groundwater resources.
5.2.2 OBJECTIVES AND POLICY
The following natural resource objectives and policy recommendations (not in order
of priority) will support the above goal and will guide natural resource decisions in
the Village of Ferryville over the next 10 years.
1. Support partnerships with local clubs and organizations in order to protect
important natural areas held in common interest.
2. The community will require all proposed public recreational development to
conform to all the policies in this Comprehensive Plan.
3. Avoid disturbance to wetlands, shore lands, and floodplains and discourage
disturbance to other environmentally sensitive areas and natural corridors.
4. Support tree preservation, municipal tree planting programs, and sustainable
forestry practices in and near the Village. Promote tree plantings in our Village.
5. Improve and enhance existing parks and outdoor recreational amenities, including
park and boat launch expansion.
6. Encourage the suppression and limitation of noxious weeds.
7. Protect major drainage corridors from development in order to aid in stormwater
runoff and prevent flooding.
8. Explore opportunities to capitalize on local natural resources in conjunction with
9. Where and when appropriate, utilize county, state, and federal programs or
grants to conserve, maintain, and protect natural resources.
5.2.3 COMMON NATURAL RESOURCES
Natural resources are materials occurring in nature and are essential or useful to
humans, such as water, air, land, forests, fish and wildlife, topsoil, and minerals.
Some of the Village of Ferryville's natural resources to be protected include the
1. Sugar Creek and the water that flows through it, the fish that live there, and the
animals that have homes there are important.
2. There is support from the Village for correctly cleaning up, so harmful items do not
get into the soil, air, and water.
5.2.4 COMMUNICATION AND COOPERATION
Keeping residents informed of their jurisdiction's natural resources is a proactive
first step in supporting the natural resources and natural resource protection efforts
important to the Village of Ferryville.
The Village of Ferryville makes an effort to keep its citizens informed by:
1. Each year a flyer is sent in the tax notice on the proper disposal of items that can
be dangerous to the community. Clean-up days are arranged twice a year to take
care of this. A reminder is put in the local shopping news.
2. Important information is also available on the Ferryville.com and
3. Posters of upcoming events in Natural Areas are posted in the Village and at
Fostering working relationships with the Town of Freeman and Crawford County can
help the Village of Ferryville protect shared, contiguous natural areas that give local
residents space to pursue recreational opportunities. Tapping into state and federal
programs can add to the Village of Ferryville's support efforts to protect community
Ferryville can work with neighboring jurisdictions to avoid runoff that may be
harmful to the water and soil that might harm Sugar Creek, which flows through the
5.2.5 WATER RESOURCES
Water resources, (both surface and groundwater) are one of the most commonly
used natural resources, serving intrinsic and essential functions in the community.
Plants, animals, and people all consume water on a daily basis. All Village of Ferryville
residents use groundwater for domestic water consumption.
Water is one of the most easily contaminated resources. Because of its mobile
nature, contaminants can travel far from their source through the water cycle.
Contaminants in the water cycle coming from a variety of sources are commonly
known as nonpoint source pollution (NPSP). The Village of Ferryville reduces NPSP
by having a wastewater treatment system and a sewer system. Overall, water
resources are protected by regular testing of the sewer system, to make sure it is
Groundwater is the water beneath the earth's surface. Groundwater fills wells and
flows from springs. It is a critical resource, not only because it is used on a daily
basis, but also because rivers, streams, and other surface water depends on it for
Groundwater can easily be contaminated through non-point source pollution.
A watershed is the land area from which all surface water and groundwater drains
into a stream system. Groundwater aquifers can be contained within a single
watershed or can be so large that several watersheds are within the aquifer. The
Village of Ferryville is in the Rush Creek and Sugar Creek watersheds.
It is important to keep the groundwater resource in mind for many areas of
comprehensive planning. Ultimately, what takes place above ground directly affects
groundwater below. There are a variety of activities that impact water resource
quality. Potential pollution sources that can affect groundwater include but are not
. On-site Septic Systems
Sewage Treatment Plants
Underground Storage Tank
Pesticide and Fertilizer Applications
Leaking Sewer Lines
Pinpointing pollution sources can be made easier by identifying the location and
extent of groundwater recharge areas, as well as the extent of the local watershed,
so communities can plan where and how much development can be built, with the
least amount of impact to water resources. Contamination of local drinking water
resources can be devastating, very costly to reverse, and affects all area residents.
The Village of Ferryville protects its drinking water supply by providing a sanitary
sewer system in the lower village, installing Village sewer connections, and keeping
the system inspected. Underground storage tanks are also electronically monitored.
Another way to protect drinking water is to utilize a wellhead protection plan. The
Village of Ferryville does not have a wellhead protection plan at this time.
188.8.131.52 GROUNDWATER SUPPLY
The Groundwater Bill (2003 Act 310) addresses groundwater quantity issues,
requiring approval for sighting, fees, and an environmental review. While this
legislation is currently more relevant in areas of the state experiencing severe water
quantity issues (such as Southeast Wisconsin), the principle of controlling
groundwater withdrawal in all parts of the state is quite important and is a growing
concern for the future. A State level groundwater advisory committee has been
organized to address groundwater management.
184.108.40.206 SURFACE WATER
Surface water is all water naturally open to the atmosphere such as rivers, lakes,
reservoirs, ponds, streams, impoundments, seas, and estuaries. These water
courses provide recreational opportunities, such as fishing, boating, swimming, and
passive recreational opportunities like bird watching and sunbathing. The rivers and
their feeder streams provide habitat for fish, mussels, insects, and other wildlife. By
avoiding runoff, the Village protects its surrounding surface waters. Shore lands in
the Village are protected by being under the "Combined Flood Plain and
Shoreland-Wetland Zoning Ordinance."
Wetlands serve a variety of functions, including playing an important role in
stormwater management and flood control, filtering pollutants, recharging
groundwater, providing a habitat for many wildlife species and plants, and offering
open space and passive recreational opportunities. Wetlands include all marshes,
swamps, fens, bogs, and those areas excluded from cultivation or other uses
because they are intermittently wet.
The Village of Ferryville is in the Western Coulee and Ridge ecological landscape, as
defined by the 2002 Land Legacy Report put out by the WI DNR. This landscape is
characterized by highly eroded and unglaciated topography. Because of the hilly
terrain, wetlands in the area are primarily associated with the rivers and streams of
the area, and not in more generally level or upland areas.
The Village follows county and state wetland regulations on the wetlands within the
jurisdiction. Go to www.wi.gov for more information.
See Figure Numbers 6 and 6A for Mississippi Valley Conservancy wetlands and
related data in the Sugar Creek Valley area. Also, see Figure Numbers 5, 5A, 5B and
5C for updated FEMA flood maps.
A floodplain is a low area of land adjacent to a stream or other water source that is
subject to flooding and holds the overflow of water during a flood. Flooding can
occur in any year. For that reason, development should not occur in drainage ways
and floodplains, since they serve as storm water runoff systems and flood mitigation
The outlines of the Mississippi River and Sugar Creek flood plains are indicated by the
dotted lines on Figure Numbers 6 and 6A.
The most current flood plain maps are from FEMA in three FIRM panels:
See Figure Number 5-combined panels for Ferryville.
The Village is also part of the Rush Creek Watershed Project.
The Village of Ferryville has a flood plain ordinance.
220.127.116.11 IMPORTANCE OF BIODIVERSITY
Biodiversity is the full spectrum of life forms and the many ecological processes that
support them. Protecting biodiversity is essential to core values such as maintaining
clean air and water, providing adequate habitat for the state's flora and fauna,
maintaining a vibrant economy, and providing recreational opportunities. Biodiversity
protection depends on the sustainability of diverse ecosystems, such as the mosaic
of forests, agricultural lands, grasslands, bluffs, coastal zones, and aquatic
communities present in Wisconsin. It a1so depends upon the conservation of each
ecosystem's basic components - the natural communities, plants and animals within
them. Ecosystems contain a variety of species that are unique in some way and
provide value to the diversity of the individual ecosystem and the state overall.
It is important to view biodiversity at all levels to ensure the adequate conservation
of Wisconsin's environment.
18.104.22.168 NATURAL COMMUNITIES
The Village of Ferryville is in the Western Coulee and Ridges landscape. See Figure
Numbers 6, 6A and 7, for detailed descriptions and management opportunities. For
each ecological landscape go to www.wi.com. The Western Coulee and Ridges
landscape has steep sided hills that are heavily forested and often managed for
hardwood production. Agricultural activities are typically confined to valley floors and
ridge tops. The largest concentration of hillside prairies in the world is found in this
landscape. Hillside prairies often support numerous species of rare plants, insects,
Ferryville protects the landscape and its natural communities by planting trees in the
Village and supporting the Rush Creek Watershed Project by following county and
INFORMATION ON THE FOLLOWING TOPICS CAN BE FOUND AT:
22.214.171.124 STATE NATURAL AREAS
State Natural Areas are important not only because they showcase the best and
most pristine parts of Wisconsin, but also because they provide excellent wildlife
habitat and undisturbed natural communities. Many threatened, endangered, and
state special concern species can be found in these areas.
There are six State Natural Areas in Crawford County. Ferryville has the Sugar
Creek State Natural Area and the Rush Creek State Natural Area.
Also note the Mississippi Valley Conservancy areas in the Sugar Creek Valley area as
shown on Figure Number 6A.
126.96.36.199 ENDANGERED SPECIES
While the conservation of plants, animals and their habitat should be considered for
all species, this is particularly important for rare or declining species.
Both the state and federal governments prepare their own separate lists of such
plant and animal species, but do so working in cooperation with one another, as well
as with various other organizations and universities. The WI 's Endangered
Resources Program monitors endangered, threatened, and special concern species
and maintains the state's Natural Heritage Inventory (NHI) database. This program
maintains data on the locations and status of rare species in Wisconsin and these
data are exempt from the open records law due to their sensitive nature.
1. The Wisconsin Endangered Species Law was enacted to afford protection for
certain wild animals and plants that the Legislature recognized as endangered or
threatened and in need of protection as a matter of general state concern.
2. The Federal Endangered Species Act also protects animals and plants that are
considered endangered or threatened at a national level.
3. A complete listing of the State of Wisconsin's Natural Heritage Inventory can be
found at www.wi.com.